Awareness of Biotechnological Application: A Study among University Geography Students

By Ozel, Ali; Terzi, Irfan et al. | Education, Summer 2009 | Go to article overview

Awareness of Biotechnological Application: A Study among University Geography Students


Ozel, Ali, Terzi, Irfan, Ozel, Emine, Education


Last decades, most researchers have focused on biotechnology and it is applicatons which is effects on people, animal, and plants, however their geographical environment was overlooked. People have different idea about biotechnogy and its application on living organism. This issue is dilemma because some people think that biotechnology help human; but, other people think that biotechnogy have negative effects on living organism. (Ozel, Erdogan, Usak, Prokop, 2008, Lamanusas, Makarskaite-Petkeviciene, 2008)

Modern biotechnological processes are being continuously adapted for the production of crops, foods and pharmaceuticals which has lead to an increase in discussion about the benefits, or otherwise, of the technology (Cavanagh, Hood, Wilkinson, 2005, Sturgis, Cooper, & Fife-Schaw, 2005).

It has further been suggested that an increased understanding of biotechnology will assist people in making more informed decisions about this technology (Harms, 2002).The main aims of the genetic modification of products are purported to include the decreased use of synthetic chemicals (e.g., pesticides), increased yields, the ability to grow crops in previously inhospitable environments, and better nutritional properties of foods (e.g., "golden rice" with vitamin A) (Harlander, 2002). However, transportation of genetic material from one organism to another raised several ethical and political questions that are target of critique. Critics point out that companiens involved with genetic modification stand to make large profits this technology and it may pose risks for the environment and human health.

Biotechnology can be viewed as a typical example of high perception of risk (Slovic, 1987). DNA technologies were perceived to be very similar to hazards such as nuclear energy, radioactive waste, electromagnetic fields, and other technologies that use rays or chemical substances (Savadori et al., 2004). Although several studies deny the possibility of serious health hazards from the use of genetically modified (GM) foods (Jones, Clarke-Hill, Hillier & Shears, 2000), GM foods and crops claim to offer a range of benefits to a variety of beneficiaries, including higher productivity and lower pesticide costs for consumers; less environmental pollution from pesticides and herbicides, and new crop varieties to ameliorate hunger in developing countries (Welser, 1991).

Until to today, accountable study in this area has been analyze, in particular, students' knowledge of and attitudes towards biotechnology in Turkey. Ozel et al. (2008) reveal that high school students are not knowledgeable enough in agrobiotechnology, environment, biotechnology and food production, whereas they are well-informed about biotechnology, human health and pharmacy.

As mentioned above, although these studies have examined the development of school students' understanding of knowledge and attitudes toward biotechnology. Nevertheless, none of them investigated university school students' relationship between attitudes and knowledge toward biotechnology explicitly. Currently, Turkey still does not legalize GM products, but, on the other hand, biotechnology is a priority area for Turkey in near future (Severcan et al., 2000). This means that Turkish inhabitants do not have personal experiences with buying genetically engineered products, but they are partly influected by science curriculum that contains basic biotechnology topics although teaching Mendelian genetics and other parts of classic genetics greatly exceeds modern trends in genetic engineering. Turkish citizens are in conflict between impact by media that introduce biotechnology research and discoveries to general public (Severcan et al., 2000) on one hand, and by unfamiliarity with genetically engineered products that greatly influences perception of them (Savadori et al., 2004) on the other hand. An intriguing question, whether are Turkish citizens ready for introduction of genetically engineered products to their country and what is their perceptions of genetically engineered products therefore arises. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Awareness of Biotechnological Application: A Study among University Geography Students
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.