Revisiting "The South" and "Dixie": Delineating Vernacular Regions Using GIS

By Ambinakudige, Shrinidhi | Southeastern Geographer, Fall 2009 | Go to article overview

Revisiting "The South" and "Dixie": Delineating Vernacular Regions Using GIS


Ambinakudige, Shrinidhi, Southeastern Geographer


John Shelton Reed's maps of the South and Dixie in 1970s and 1980s indicated the shrinking boundaries of these two vernacular regions. This study revisits the South and Dixie. Using electronic telephone directories, this study collected all business names with "Southern" and "Dixie" in all the cities in the US. A univariate local indicator of spatial association (LISA) analysis was used to identify the clusters of high and low values of normalized values of the terms. These analyses helped identify the current core regions of Dixie land and the South. The results indicate that "the South" and "Dixie" boundary erosion is noticeable. The study identified a previously unnoticed island of "Dixie" in Utah. Southern and Dixie identities are stronger in non-metropolitan counties compared to metropolitan and micropolitan counties. Southern and Dixie identities are eroding gradually: while the erosion of southern identity is very slow, the erosion of Dixie identity seems to be faster. Overall, it may be more appropriate to refer "Dixieland" as "Dixie islands" today, but the South is still the South.

KEY WORDS: Southern, Dixie, LISA, GIS, Vernacular Regions

Los mapas del Sur y Dixie en los 70s y 80s de John Shelton Reed indicaron una reduccion en los limites de esas dos regiones autoctonas. Este analisis estudia al Sur y Dixie. Usando directorios telefonicos electronicos, este estudio recopila los hombres de negocios con "Southern" y "Dixie" en todas las ciudades de Los Estados Unidos. Un analisis univariable LISA (Indicador Local de Asociacion Espacial) rue usado para identificar los con glomerados de valores altos y bajos de los valores normalizados de los terminos. Este analisis ayudo a identificar boy las regiones de Dixie Land y el Sur. Los resultados indican que la erosion de los limites del "Sur" y "Dixie" es notable. El estudio identifico en Utah una "Isla de Dixie" que no habia sido notada anteriormente. Las identidades de Southern y Dixie son mas fuertes en los condados no-metropolitanos que en los condados metropolitanos y micropolitanos. Las identidades de Southern y Dixie se estan deteriorando gradualmente; mientras que el deterioro de las identidades del sur es bastante lento, el deterioro de Dixie parece ser rods rapido. En general, seria mas apropiado referirse boy a "Dixieland" como "Islas Dixie", pero el Sur todavia es el Sur.

INTRODUCTION

Geographers' natural penchant for studying boundaries and borders includes the study of boundaries of vernacular regions. According to Jordan (1978), vernacular regions are perceived to exist by their inhabitants and other members of the population. Vernacular regions are neither created by governments or corporations, nor are they an intellectual creation of the professional geographer; these are just mental maps of the people (Schwartzberg 1967; Zelinsky 1980; Shortridge 1987). A people's perception about the boundaries of their homeland and vernacular region does not always match formal boundaries recognized by the state. Moreover, borders between different vernacular regions tend to be indistinct, which can result in geopolitical conflicts or the growth of regionalism and nationalism (Zelinsky 1980; Morgan & Brinkman 1995), such as the geopolitical conflicts in Kurdistan, Israel/Palestine, Chechnya and Georgia. However, not all vernacular regions create geopolitical conflicts: most are just cultural identities that people attach to places for various reasons. These vernacular regions are the results of the sense of place developed by a community. A sense of place develops gradually and unconsciously from inhabiting an area over time, becoming familiar with its physical properties and accruing history within its confines (Ryden 1993, p 38). As Yi-Fu Tuan (1977) pointed out, if people saw their world constantly in flux, they would not be able to develop any sense of place (Shortridge 1987). Demographic shifts caused by migration patterns, change in the economic activities, etc. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Revisiting "The South" and "Dixie": Delineating Vernacular Regions Using GIS
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.