Comparison of Perceptions and Attitudes of Business Communication Students and Business Professionals towards Gays and Lesbians in the Workplace
McPherson, Bill, Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict
In preparing future employees for work in business, many business communication courses discuss corporate cultures. Many business communication authors have stressed in order for students to be successful in today's workplace they must understand corporate culture (Boone & Kurtz, 1995; Bell, 1994; and Bovee and Thill, 1999). When discussing corporate culture, many business communication textbooks offered specific guidelines for dealing with various groups that make up the culture of the organization. Business communication curriculums provide extensive literature on how to work successfully with various groups of people in the workplace. Examples of such groups that receive attention in most business curriculums: (1) Asians; (2) Afro-Americans; (3) Women; and (4) Handicapped. Although this is not an exhaustive list, one area that does not appear to be addressed in business communication textbooks is the preparation of future employees to work with gays and lesbians as a culture in corporate America.
Most workplaces have programs in place to increase the awareness of issues particular to minorities and the physically challenged. Unfortunately few programs exist which address the issues pertinent to gays and lesbians. While programs designed to increase awareness of minorities exist, the issues that face gays and lesbians in the workplace are not one of numbers. James Woods, author of "The Corporate Closet," estimates that as a group, lesbians and gay men probably outnumber Hispanics, Asian-Pacific Islanders, the disabled and others whom we have traditionally classified as minorities. If the standard 10% estimate can be believed, their proportion of the professional work force approaches that of African Americans, who represent 12.1% of the population--but only 5.6% of the professional work force (p. 207).
Yet countless employers continue to overlook the needs of a group of employees that may comprise anywhere from 6% to 12% of the work force (Woods, 1994). By choosing to ignore sexual orientation as a diversity issue, companies send a clear message: Diversity means valuing only those employees with whom we feel comfortable.
OBJECTIVES OF STUDY
There is no question that a significant portion of the gay and lesbian population has expressed that they have experienced some kind of discriminatory treatment in the workplace (Kovach, 1995). Similarly, a significant number of CEOs have indicated in surveys that they would hesitate to give management jobs to workers who are homosexual. However, it is only recently that homosexuality has been openly discussed, particularly within the context of the workplace. So it is no surprise that to date there is no federal law that prohibits discrimination in the workplace based on sexual orientation. The research focused on asking business communication students (BCS) about their perceptions and attitudes towards gays and lesbians in the workplace and on asking business professionals (BP) about their perceptions and attitudes towards gays and lesbians in the workplace. Certain other demographic factors were also considered. The following research questions guided the study:
What are the perceptions and attitudes of BCS towards gays and lesbians in the workplace? What are the perceptions and attitudes of BP towards gays and lesbians in the workplace? What is the current corporate climate in the workplace towards gays and lesbians? What types of topics, training, and instruction should be provided to business students as future employees at the undergraduate level to increase an awareness and understanding of working with gay and lesbian workers?
Many human resource managers ignore the issues that affect gay men and lesbians in the workplace. Not only avoid resistance from other managers and employees, but also because they lack education about such issues (Lucas & Kaplan, 1994). …