Energy Conservation-The Ultimate Panacea
Soharwardi, Aurangzeb, Economic Review
Electricity has become the most important utility in the contemporary era. Its usage has engulfed the complete human life. Pakistan Electric Power Company (PEPCO) has the responsibility to provide electricity in Pakistan to about 18,126,004 consumers, through a vast network of its 8 distribution companies. Electricity consumption increasing day by day due to change in life styles and introduction of technology. Considering the indispensability of energy - since 1947, per capita electricity dependence in Pakistan has grown 82-fold .The current energ consumption trends in Pakistan are extremely inefficient, whether it be in the domestic, industrial, trade or commercial sectors. With minimal effort, well over ten per cent of national electricity can be saved by applying only the first level of energy conservation, that is a change in attitude. It is simple, instant and effective and all it requires is a stop to using energy unnecessarily. Leaving lights and home appliances on even when they are not being used is a common practice in our society. Similarly, many businesses such as shops dealing in cloth and garments, jewellery, cosmetics, home appliances and electronics are usually extravagantly lit. It is commonly observed that shops that could do with two or three 40-watt tube lights to meet the desired level of luminance use as many as 15 to 20 tubes. Not only does this increase power consumption, it also generates heat and makes the environment uncomfortable.
At present total power production capacity in the country is about 19,500 MW, out of which Hydel Power is only 6,500 MW, balance of 13,000 MW is thermal either using Natural Gas or Furnace Oil. Small capacity of 450 MW is Nuclear and only 150 MW is through coal. Although gas is to be provided for 5800 MW to various thermal plants, but in actual fact much less gas is being mad available, the deficiency is being filled through furnace oil. China showed her consent to recommence the Thar Coal Power Generation Project of 600 Mega watt at Lakhra. In all, WAPDA's Hydel generating capability varies between the two extremities of 2414 MW and 6746.0 MW over the cycle of a year. Total installed capacity of electricity generation will remain 19,478 MW to meet 15,082 MW firm supply and 18000 MW peak demand. WAPDA has planned to install a high efficiency combined cycle power plant at Baloki (450MW), which is expected to be completed soon. In addition of these, power plant 1 & 2 of 300 MW each at Thar Coal with the assistance of China are also planned for commissioning in 2009. Moreover, efforts are also under way with China National Nuclear Corporation for the construction of a third nuclear power plant with a gross capacity of 325 MW at Chashma. IPPs and captive power generation efficiencies are being enhanced through efficiency improvements and all other possible means for obtaining additionally of 1000 MW in IPPs and 800 MW in captive and small power generation. PEPCO provided energy savers to its consumers for achieving 500 MW savings. Efficiency of power generating plants is being improved through implementation of house keeping measures, boiler efficiency improvement and waste heat recovery for achieving conservation potential of 309 MW. Time based tariff shall be introduced along with staggering for domestic and commercial consumers. The Pakistan Electric Power Company (PEPCO) has devised a public awareness and social outreach campaign to promote energy conservation.
A plan to conserve energy had been chalked out, in which PEPCO would request consumers to help the company meet the power deficit. PEPCO will request every consumer to switch off one light: if each of its around 20 million consumers do so, the company will save more than 2,000 megawatts. The company has directed the distribution companies (DISCOs) to use generators and solar energy to power billboards, while advertisement companies have also been urged to use solar energy, the source said. Around 33 billboards in Lahore have already been switched to solar energy. PEPCO has also recommended using solar energy for streetlights across the country. The company has directed DISCOs to urge people to install energy savers for domestic and commercial purposes and minimize the use of lights at shopping malls, playgrounds, wedding ceremonies and offices. Social outreac.
PEPCO has asked all DISCOs to display energy conservation measures in schools to educate students, who may then ask their elders to adopt these measures, sources said, adding the Lahore Electric Supply Company (LESCO) has already started this practice at various schools in the city. The company has organized meetings with trade and market associations to decide on the closing time of markets with their consent. PEPCO has also decided to request industrial consumers to conduct their energy audits to determine power losses due to substandard wiring, they said. The All-Pakistan Textile Mills Association, Faisalabad Chamber of Commerce and Industry and some small and medium enterprises have assured the company to undertake the audit. PEPCO has also asked the Pakistan Standards and Quality Control Authority to maintain energy-labeling standards and check the manufacturing of substandard electric equipment and wires. PEPCO had directed all the DISCOs to ensure the implementation of energy conservation measures.
The company has started a mass media campaign in which DISCOs would distribute pamphlets suggesting energy conservation measures, which would also be printed on electricity bills. In spite of all these efforts, the utmost requirement of energy discipline, conservation and resolve to strike against electricity theft is the need of the hour. Two key elements of a possible solution are: categorical change in the pattern of energy consumption and change in lifestyles for the best energy savings, buy Energy efficient appliances. Trees can help shade exterior air-conditioning units; they'll use less energy. They also provide shade cooling and protect from drafts and winds. Small portable heaters are great for short-term use, but for long-term needs, consider installing a baseboard heater, which draws less energy. Choose cooling and heating appliances suited to your room size. A larger unit may be wasting energy. Reduce drafts by insulating electrical outlet and switch cover plates To save on air conditioning, raise the setting by a couple of degrees; you will not notice the change, only the energy savings 26 degrees is recommended. Older thermostats are less efficient than newer ones, and you'll recover the cost quickly. Programmable thermostats allow you to customize temperature settings according to when you use the room. Portable Air Conditioners may be sufficient to keep the bedroom cool, saving on more expensive cooling appliances. If you have bare floors, an area rug can 'cozy' your feet. Change your air conditioner filters as recommended - your unit will work more efficiently. Benefits of Changing Appliance Filters. Ceiling fans will often provide sufficient cooling, and may reduce the need for air conditioning. Is your ceiling fan on the correct setting for winter warm air circulation or summer cooling? Check out efficiency features of Cooling and Heating Products before buying. .Before You Buy a Refrigerator look for energy conservation features .For best efficiency, temperature should be set per manufacturer guidelines. Defrost freezers and manual-defrost refrigerators regularly - they'll work better. Keep your appliances operating more efficiently. Cooking Ranges & Microwaves. When stove top cooking, use lids on pots to reduce heating time. On the stove, use a pot sized for the food, and not a larger one. Example: Boiling eggs - you may be using more energy to boil more water, when a small pot would be sufficient. Microwave ovens use 75% less energy than range ovens. Turn off the breaker to the hot water tank when going on vacation. Rechargeable appliance consumes while waiting; if you don't intend to use it soon, unplug it for a spell. A 13-watt compact florescent bulb is equal to a 60-watt bulb, saving you 47 watts. Use a small appliance where possible; a larger cooking appliance will use more energy and may not be required. Plug-in room deodorizers consume energy; plug in only when company is coming. An electric kettle uses less energy than stove top boiling. Repair leaky faucets quickly, especially a hot water faucet ... Coffee makers with an auto shut-off can save you energy dollars. Appliances with timesaving features usually also save on energy. LED lights use up to 90% less energy than traditional lights use. They also last for many years and require no bulb changes. Use motion sensor, photocell or LED lights, which can provide security lighting while saving energy. PEPCO urges the ELECTRICITY CONSUMERS to Use energy savers, Use daylight to the maximum, Keep the thermostat of refrigerator and air-conditioner low, Avoid shopping after sunset, Avoid ironing between 5 to 10pm,Use high efficiency electric fans of famous brands, Manufacturers of electric fans should use standard material. It may save upto 20 Mega Watt of electricity. Government through PEPCO is making all possible efforts to explore are electricity generation options but it remains an undeniable fact that we have to implement energy discipline other wise all efforts can be futile. Through collaborated efforts of PEPCO and the consumers, Pakistan can become an energy efficient country, by adopting energy discipline. Conserve energy as a national duty.
PEPCO will request every consumer to switch off one light: if each of its around 20 million consumers do so, the company will save more than 2,000 megawatts. The company has directed the distribution companies (DISCOs) to use generators and solar energy to power billboards, while advertisement companies have also been urged to use solar energy, the source said. Around 33 billboards in Lahore have already been switched to solar energy. PEPCO has also recommended using solar energy for streetlights across the country.
Categorical change in the pattern of energy consumption and in lifestyles for the best energy savings:
* Buy Energy efficient appliances.
* Small portable heaters are great for short-term use, for long-term useinstalling a baseboard heater, which draws less energy.
* To save on air conditioning, keep the temperature at 26 Degree Centigrades.
* Is your ceiling fan on the correct setting for winter warm air circulation or summer cooling?
* Defrost freezers and manual defrost refrigerators regularly - they'll work better.
* Cooking Ranges & Microwaves. When stove top cooking, use lids on pots to reduce heating time.
The company has started a mass media campaign in which DISCOs would distribute pamphlets suggesting energy conservation measures, which would also be printed on electricity bills. In spite of all these efforts, the utmost requirement of energy discipline, conservation and resolve to strike against electricity theft is the need of the hour.…
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Publication information: Article title: Energy Conservation-The Ultimate Panacea. Contributors: Soharwardi, Aurangzeb - Author. Magazine title: Economic Review. Volume: 40. Issue: 7-8 Publication date: July-August 2009. Page number: 19+. © 1998 Economic and Industrial Publications. COPYRIGHT 2009 Gale Group.
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