Hospital, Employment, and Price Indicators for the Health Care Industry: Second Quarter 1997

By Sensenig, Arthur L.; Heffler, Stephen K. et al. | Health Care Financing Review, Winter 1997 | Go to article overview

Hospital, Employment, and Price Indicators for the Health Care Industry: Second Quarter 1997


Sensenig, Arthur L., Heffler, Stephen K., Donham, Carolyn S., Health Care Financing Review


KEY SECOND QUARTER 1997 TRENDS:

* The adult occupancy rate at community hospitals increased in the second quarter of 1997, measured from the same period 1 year earlier. This increase, the third consecutive quarterly increase in the adult occupancy rate, measured from the same period 1 year earlier, may signal a bottoming out of the trend in declining occupancy rates prevalent throughout the 1990s.

* American Hospital Association(AHA) statistics on hospital length of stay (LOS), stratified by age group, suggest that the trend in the LOS for the population 65 years of age or older may be converging with the trend for the population under age 65.

* Implied nonsupervisory payrolls for the private sector health services industry grew 6.7 percent in the second quarter of 1997, measured from the same period of the previous year, the strongest growth in several years.

* Overall and medical prices, as measured by the Consumer Price Index (CPI), continued to grow slowly in the second quarter of 1997.

* Health sector wages continued to grow moderately in the second quarter of 1997, a sign that medical price growth may not accelerate in the near future.

INTRODUCTION

This article presents statistics on health care utilization, prices, expenses, employment, and work hours, as well as on national economic activity. These statistics provide an early indication of changes occurring in the health care sector and within the general economy. We rely On indicators such as these to anticipate and predict changes in health care sector expenditures for the most recent year. Other indicators help to identify specific reasons (e.g., increases in price inflation or declines in utilization) for health care expenditure change.

The first nine of the accompanying tables report selected quarterly statistics and the calendar year (CY) aggregations of quarterly information for the past 4 years. Unless specifically noted, changes in quarterly statistics are shown from the same period 1 year earlier. For quarterly information, this calculation permits analysis of data to focus on the direction and magnitude of changes, without interference introduced by seasonal fluctuations. The last four tables in the report show base weights, annual index levels, and annual percent changes in the Input Price Indexes maintained by HCFA. The annual percent changes and the four-quarter moving average percent changes for input prices are calculated using the same procedure, namely averaging the four quarters ending with the fourth calendar quarter of the current year and dividing by the average of the four calendar quarters of the preceding year.

COMMUNITY HOSPITAL STATISTICS

Statistics from the AHA presented in Tables 1 and 2, show that recent trends in community hospital revenue and expenditure growth were little changed in the second quarter of 1997. However, there is some evidence that decline in inpatient utilization may be bottoming out. Additionally, AHA statistics on inpatient utilization by age group suggest that differences in patterns of hospital utilization between patients 65 years of age or older and those under age 65 may be narrowing.

[TABULAR DATA 1 and 2 NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]

In the past four quarters the decline in the number of inpatient days has slowed, suggesting that community hospitals may be seeing the end of declines in inpatient utilization. This deceleration in the decline of inpatient days is shown in Figure 1. The adult occupancy rate, also shown in Figure 1, is determined by dividing hospitals' adult census by the number of staffed hospital beds. Community hospitals have been cutting the number of staffed beds since 1983, and in recent quarters the decline in the number of staffed beds has accelerated. Despite the cuts in staffed beds the adult occupancy rate at community hospitals continued to fall throughout the 1990s. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Hospital, Employment, and Price Indicators for the Health Care Industry: Second Quarter 1997
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.