Lessons Learned: Managed Hunting as a Solution to Deer Overabundance in Howard County Maryland

By Farragut, Paul | Parks & Recreation, November 2009 | Go to article overview

Lessons Learned: Managed Hunting as a Solution to Deer Overabundance in Howard County Maryland


Farragut, Paul, Parks & Recreation


Consequences of Too Many Deer

White-tail deer in many parts of the Northeast have greatly increased in number as a result of lack of natural predators, reduced interest and opportunity for hunting, and favorable food sources available in the suburban and agricultural landscapes.

Howard County, Maryland, a county of more than 250,000 people located between Baltimore, Maryland, and Washington, D.C., like many suburban jurisdictions, has a deer overabundance problem. A recently completed report, sponsored by the Middle Patuxent Environmental Foundation, describes their county's successful approach in dealing with this problem over the last eleven years, and may serve as a useful model for other governmental entities and communities.

In many areas, deer numbers greatly exceed the carrying capacity of the land resulting in the over-browsing of desirable vegetation while undesirable invasive species proliferate. "It is common today to see forested areas where essentially all vegetation, from the ground, to as high as the deer can reach, has been removed," says county resident David Pardoe, a former staff member of the National Wildlife Federation and National Audubon Society board member. The consequence is that bird and other wildlife species who depend upon ground-level and lower tree and shrub level habitat are deprived of required places to nest, reproduce, feed, and seek shelter. Because this habitat destruction is a result of wildlife itself, there is a hesitation in confronting the problem." Pardoe's conclusion is that deer over-abundance needs to be reduced.

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Balancing Public Perception

A dilemma often facing park and recreation departments is the difficult choice of balancing the public perception of deer as a wonderful natural and desirable part of the landscape with the reality that excessive numbers can do great damage to the resources park and recreation professionals are responsible for managing.

Rapid expansion of the deer herd in central Maryland has resulted in increased numbers of auto accidents, damage to cropland and suburban landscaping, and concern about the rise in Lyme disease. As a first step to addressing this problem, Howard County government decided to focus on a 1,000-acre environmental management area adjacent to the new town of Columbia, Maryland. This area is part of the county park system and is owned and managed by the county with management oversight and funding from a private, nonprofit entity known as the Middle Patuxent Environmental Foundation (MPEF).

Deer Management Task Force

In 1996, a task force was formed by the Howard County Extension Service (HCES) to analyze the problem, examine alternative solutions, and offer a plan of action. In order to be successful, it was quickly realized that the task force must be balanced with experts representing many points of view. Such a group was formed comprising individuals with varied backgrounds and interests including ecology, agriculture, hunting, wildlife biology, and veterinary medicine. The task force also included representatives of the Howard County departments of police, animal control and recreation and parks. Later, the county government showed its support by passing a resolution endorsing the idea of a study and giving the group a new name--the "Deer Management Task Force." Fifteen members served on the task force including other homeowner associations, private citizens, an animal rights advocate, and a representative from the legislative branch of the county government. The task force was chaired by Charles "Chick" Rhodehamel, an ecologist, and the director of the Columbia Association's land management division--one of the largest homeowner associations in the United States and represents a community with 3,500 acres of publicly accessible open space.

The task force was charged with the responsibility of investigating the deer in the county and developing recommendations for resolving the human-deer conflicts throughout the county. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Lessons Learned: Managed Hunting as a Solution to Deer Overabundance in Howard County Maryland
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.