Special Issue: New Directions in Hazards and Disaster Research

By Mills, Jacqueline W. | Cartography and Geographic Information Science, January 2010 | Go to article overview

Special Issue: New Directions in Hazards and Disaster Research


Mills, Jacqueline W., Cartography and Geographic Information Science


In 1997, Cartography and Geographic Information Systems published a special issue on "GIS and Environmental Risk Assessment" which primarily focused on topics related to environmental health. Since that time, interest in mapping hazards has expanded both conceptually and methodologically. Events such as the 2004 tsunami, Hurricane Katrina, the Sichuan earthquake, and the Southern California wildfires demonstrate the need for continued investigation of hazards and disasters, especially studies that help us understand the multivariate spatial relationships that exist in these post-disaster environments. How can cartography, Geographic Information Systems (GIS), geotechnologies, and spatial analysis contribute to the generation of this knowledge? This special issue of CaGIS provides several examples of how geographers and other spatial scientists are approaching these challenges. In particular, authors were asked to focus on gaps in research regarding the temporal and spatial scales at which hazards and disasters are studied, and the issue of communicating knowledge of these events through spatial data.

Hazards and disasters are commonly studied at city or county scales, but processes related to preparedness, response, recovery, and mitigation occur at a finer-scale geography, such as the neighborhood or sub-neighborhood levels. Many of the papers address data collection and analytical approaches at these finer scales, including both the limitations and benefits of this move toward micro-geographies. In addition, most existing studies of extreme events have a limited time frame for monitoring long-term recovery (often only one to two years) even though current research suggests that the effects of exposure are spread over a longer time frame. In response to this phenomenon, articles were requested which address mapping and strategies for collecting temporally dynamic spatial data and which focus on the display of space-time changes in the post-disaster environment. In addition to the spatial and temporal scale, papers were also requested which address approaches for the collection and display of disaster-related ephemeral and dynamic data, as well as mechanisms for disseminating the resulting spatial data to policy-makers and to the public.

This subject matter is covered by nine manuscripts: six are included in the January issue of CaGIS and three more will be published in the subsequent April issue. The first group of papers (January) focuses primarily on geospatial techniques and technologies and their application in the study of human / social issues of hazards and disasters. The second group (April) has a distinctly physical focus.

Hodgson and his colleagues begin the January issue by addressing the potential for using high spatial resolution satellite remote sensing to support post-disaster response. Though they focus on hurricanes, their findings extend to any disaster scenario. Their paper contributes an improved guide for emergency management personnel in assessing availability of remote sensing resources for response. The four articles that follow then present social- and economic-disaster-related data collection and analysis at a variety of scales. Moffatt and Cova use parcel-level data for an improved earthquake loss estimation analysis with HAZUS-MH (the Federal Emergency Management Agency's loss estimation software). This manuscript follows a common theme of papers in this special issue which directly addresses the need for finer-scale data collection and analysis for improved planning, response, recovery, and mitigation activities. Rinner and his colleagues address the need for finer scale spatial resolution in response and mitigation activities as well, but from the perspective of health vulnerability assessment for extreme heat events in Toronto. Their paper segues into the next contribution by Curtis, Duval-Diop, and Wyre. Though their topic is post-Katrina recovery in New Orleans, the implications of their research also point to issues of fine-scale health vulnerability. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Special Issue: New Directions in Hazards and Disaster Research
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.