Government-Scripted Consent: When Medical Ethics and Law Collide
Minkoff, Howard, Marshall, Mary Faith, The Hastings Center Report
Informed consent lies at the heart of the physician-patient relationship. It is grounded in the principle of respect for persons, which affirms an individual's consequent right to autonomous decision-making. Informed consent requires voluntariness--freedom from coercion, undue influence, or bias--on the patient's part, and accurate, good faith disclosure of information by the physician. These are minimal but essential conditions by which the patient as a person and her exercise of autonomy are respected. The twin tenets of voluntariness and adequate disclosure are not independent silos, but rather mutually dependent fundamentals for the exercise of individual choice. The selection of data to be shared, the values that frame the facts, and the emotional perspective by which they are proffered all contribute to a context that either animates or degrades a person's autonomy.
A recently enacted policy in South Dakota threatens to abrogate the process described above; a consent discussion grounded in dogmatic and uncompromising ideological speech is now the de jure standard in that state. Several articles have focused the medical community's attention on these newly implemented requirements, which include a script that must be given to a woman prior to abortions. (1) The script asserts, among other things, that the fetus is "a whole, separate, unique, living human being." It also requires the physician to give the patient a description of all known medical risks of the procedure and statistically significant risk factors to which the pregnant woman would be subjected, including depression and related psychological distress and increased risk of suicidal ideation and suicide--none of which has been scientifically substantiated. In addition, a statement is required that sets forth an accurate rate of deaths due to abortions, including all deaths in which the abortion procedure was a significant contributing factor, and all other known medical risks to the physical health of the woman, including the risk of infection, hemorrhage, danger to subsequent pregnancies, and infertility. The probable gestational age of the fetus at the time the abortion is to be performed and a scientifically accurate …
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Publication information: Article title: Government-Scripted Consent: When Medical Ethics and Law Collide. Contributors: Minkoff, Howard - Author, Marshall, Mary Faith - Author. Journal title: The Hastings Center Report. Volume: 39. Issue: 5 Publication date: September-October 2009. Page number: 21+. © 1999 Hastings Center. COPYRIGHT 2009 Gale Group.
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