Alberta High School Counsellors' Knowledge of Homosexuality and Their Attitudes toward Gay Males

By Alderson, Kevin G.; Orzeck, Tricia L. et al. | Canadian Journal of Education, July 2009 | Go to article overview

Alberta High School Counsellors' Knowledge of Homosexuality and Their Attitudes toward Gay Males


Alderson, Kevin G., Orzeck, Tricia L., McEwen, Scott C., Canadian Journal of Education


In this study we investigated Alberta high school counsellors' knowledge about homosexuality and their attitudes toward gay males. Three questionnaires were mailed to 648 high school counselling centres; 223 individuals returned the completed questionnaires. Most counsellors attained low scores in measured homo-negativity and high scores regarding knowledge of homosexuality. Results from a Pearson correlational analysis indicated a negative significant relationship between the level of knowledge about homosexuality and homo-negativity, supporting other researchers' findings that higher levels of knowledge may be accompanied by more positive attitudes.

Key words: homosexual males, beliefs, mental health professionals

Les auteurs ont analyse les connaissances de conseillers d'orientation scolaire du secondaire au sujet de l'homosexualite et leurs attitudes vis-a-vis des gais. Trois questionnaires ont ete postes a 648 centres d'orientation ; 223 personnes ont retourne les questionnaires dument remplis. La plupart des conseillers d'orientation ont obtenu des scores faibles pour l'homonegativite et des scores eleves pour les connaissances au sujet de l'homosexualite. Les resultats d'une analyse correlationnelle indiquent un net lien negatif entre le niveau de connaissances sur l'homosexualite et l'homonegativite, ce qui corrobore les conclusions d'autres chercheurs selon lesquelles de meilleures connaissances peuvent s'accompagner d'attitudes plus positives.

Mots cles : homosexuels, croyances, professionnels de la sante mentale

**********

At national, provincial, and school district levels, commitments are in place for the safety and quality of life for sexual minorities. Historically, gay males have been at increased risk for suicide, social isolation, self-abusive behaviour, and victimization by bullying and violence. Because of the nature of safety and quality of life issues for gay males, high school counsellors could be expected to be an important resource for gay male students.

In Alberta, graduate programs in counselling include little training regarding gay, lesbian, and bisexual (GLB) individuals, although effective counselling with minorities depends upon counsellors having affirming attitudes, adequate knowledge, and specific skills pertinent to the minority group. At the provincial level, Alberta's reluctance to provide equal rights to gays and lesbians can be seen as reflecting homonegativity. Thus, although other research, described in the next section, has typically found that counsellors have positive attitudes to gay males, this study investigated Alberta high school counsellors' knowledge regarding homosexuality and their attitudes toward gay males. To do so, we endeavoured to invite all Alberta high school counsellors (grades 10 to 12) to complete three questionnaires. We were interested in the general levels of knowledge and attitudes, and the relationship between the two. Previous research has suggested that higher levels of knowledge may be accompanied by more positive attitudes.

EXPECTATIONS REGARDING THE MULTICULTURAL COMPETENCE OF COUNSELLORS

Counsellors today are expected to be multiculturally competent: they have developed sufficient capability to work with clients' particular form of diversity (Canadian Psychological Association, 2000; Sheppard, Schulz, & McMahon, 2007). In articulating the nature of multicultural competence, most attempts have focused on three dimensions that counsellors need: (a) having affirming attitudes, (b) developing adequate knowledge, and (c) learning specific skills pertinent to a diverse group (Sue, Arredondo, & McDavis, 1992). Arrendondo et al. (1996) theorized that by having understanding and knowledge of the effect of racism, oppression, discrimination, or stereotyping on others, counsellors would become more aware of their own racist beliefs, attitudes, and feelings. Counselling sexually diverse individuals was included within their multicultural framework (Arrendondo, 1999). …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Alberta High School Counsellors' Knowledge of Homosexuality and Their Attitudes toward Gay Males
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.