Students Dig: For REAL School Gardens
Reeves, Lacey, Emeagwali, N. susan, Techniques
There's a lot of talk about saving the environment and going green these days. But the challenge is to turn the words into action, and that includes getting young students to become part of the discussion about sustainability. The Texas-based REAL School Gardens program provides opportunities for students to participate in service-learning as they build sustainable gardens in their communities. Elementary students design, install and sustain urban gardens which serve as outdoor classrooms for students to learn some very important lessons about community, family, nature and sustainability.
The Rainwater Environmental Alliance for Learning (REAL) serves more than 40,000 children and 2,300 educators in 66 North Texas schools, and close to 15,000 students and teachers through the San Francisco Green Schoolyard Alliance. REAL School Gardens notes on its Web site that its mission is to "create safe outdoor spaces to engage young children to use nature to enhance student learning, encourage family and community involvement in schools, and to create vibrant, sharing networks of educators and partners who commit to putting school gardens at the heart of urban neighborhoods."
The gardens demonstrate sustainability practices and provide opportunities for students to explore subjects learned in the classroom in hands-on ways. For instance, teacher and avid birder Kristene Gillmer used a bird study to incorporate science and writing for her first-graders. Her pupils at the Alice Carlson Applied Learning Center in Fort Worth, Texas, each picked a bird that they would study, documenting the bird's eating patterns, the number of eggs they laid, and how and when they migrated. Then they turned their crayon sketches into computerized illustrations, thanks to computer software, complete with detailed information about the birds. The complete guide was showcased at the school's annual garden celebration. Not only were the students enthusiastic about doing the work, they were learning information that they would not soon forget because of the exciting way they learned it.
In another project, thanks to an Innovation Generation grant provided by the Motorola Foundation, hundreds of students are not just learning about alternative energy, they are creating it. These students, along with instructors and local experts, are exploring new ways to power school garden water pumps with wind and solar energy.
Helping Students to Connect
Scott Feille, a REAL School Gardens regional program director, has witnessed the positive psychosocial effects the garden projects often have on children. According to Feille, one such incident Involved a fifth-grade student named George. George was a new student who had been held back a year. Bigger than his contemporaries and a bit intimidating. George's classmates were afraid of him. He was disrespectful to teachers and his behavior eventually escalated to the point that he was suspended from school. Feille decided to try a new tactic with George to see if it would make a difference. He invited George to join fellow classmates to work on a compost gardening project. Feille envisioned that perhaps a new learning venue would bring about a change in George's attitude and help his peers see him in a new light. While working on the project, it was observed that peer-to-peer comfort levels improved dramatically. George was assigned the duty of monitoring the compost and was allowed to choose one classmate each day to assist him. This responsibility not only provided opportunities for George to become better acquainted with his peers, it also spurred a significant improvement in his academic performance. Feille can't help but wonder what would have become of George without that pivotal turning point he achieved by participation in the program.
Service-Learning Projects Strengthen the Community
Service-learning projects are proving to be a great way to strengthen community ties to local elementary schools. …