Spirituality, Religion, and Work Values

By Duffy, Ryan D. | Journal of Psychology and Theology, Spring 2010 | Go to article overview

Spirituality, Religion, and Work Values


Duffy, Ryan D., Journal of Psychology and Theology


The current study explored the relation of intrinsic religiousness and spirituality to work values with a sample of undergraduate college students (N = 265). Each of these constructs was found to weakly correlate with the value of influence, and spirituality weakly-moderately correlated with valuing service and meaning. Hierarchical regression analyses revealed that the relations among these variables were substantially moderated by gender. For males, higher levels of spirituality moderately related to valuing influence and service whereas for females no significant relations existed among these constructs. It is proposed that spirituality and religiousness may have only a minor relation to the work values assessed in this study, but these connections may be stronger for men. Researchers and counselors are encouraged to continue to examine how a client's spiritual or religious beliefs may affect what they desire out of their career.

**********

Recently, social scientists have begun to explore the mechanisms by which an individual's spiritual or religious background relates to their work life (Duffy, 2006). For Christians in particular, a rich tradition exists whereby a career might be viewed as an expression of one's spiritual or religious faith (Dik & Duffy, 2009). One example of this would be following a religious calling to a specific career path and a number of studies have shown that the endorsement of a career calling is often tied to both higher levels of religiousness and spirituality and positive career development (Davidson & Cad-dell, 1994; Duffy & Sedlacek, 2007a; Duffy & Sedlacek, in press; Lips-Wiersma, 2002; Sellers, Thomas, & Batts, 2005). Other research has found that students who are religious or spiritual tend to be more mature in their career decision making (Duffy & Blustein, 2005), that levels of religious support moderately correlate with career decision self efficacy (Duffy & Lent, 2008), that spiritual well being correlates with job satisfaction (Robert, Young, & Kelley, 2006), and that college students may use their religion as a coping mechanism for academic and career difficulties (Constantine, Miville, Warren, Gainor, & Lewis-Coles, 2006). Another less studied mechanism by which an individual's religious or spiritual background may link to his or her work life is through the endorsement of specific work values.

Work values are usually defined as what a person wants out of work in general and also what components of a job are important to his or her work satisfaction (Dawis, 2001; Elizur, 1984). The Theory of Work Adjustment (TWA) posits that values signify the aspects in a job an individual needs to be satisfied. These are believed to be critical in the job choice process and are developed within the working world and prior to entering it (Dawis & Lofquist, 1984). Typical work values include such variables as prestige, salary, job security, and altruism. In the field of vocational psychology, numerous studies have explored the ability of work values to predict career choice and even more attempts have been made to parse out the variety of variables that may contribute to the development of certain work values. Of these attempts, most emphasis has been placed on gender, personality, and culture. Although TWA does not explicitly discuss religion or spirituality, for those with a strong religious/spiritual faith, these constructs may also be hypothesized to play a role in the development of these values and in turn career choice. As such, the purpose of the present study is to expand upon this research and explore the extent to which an individual's level of religiousness or spirituality may relate to what they value out of their careers and to understand how these relations differ for men and women.

It is hypothesized that when making career decisions, individuals will consider the outcomes they desire from a specific job and factor these into their decision (Dawis & Lofquist, 1984; Judge & Bretz, 1992). …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Spirituality, Religion, and Work Values
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.