The Use of Biofeedback, CES, Brain Mapping and Neurofeedback with Youth Who Have Sexual Behavior Problems

By Longo, Robert E. | The International Journal of Behavioral Consultation and Therapy, Summer 2010 | Go to article overview

The Use of Biofeedback, CES, Brain Mapping and Neurofeedback with Youth Who Have Sexual Behavior Problems


Longo, Robert E., The International Journal of Behavioral Consultation and Therapy


Introduction

During the early part of this decade, an increasing number of researchers, practitioners, and clinicians, within the field of assessing and treating sexually abusive and sexually aggressive behavior, among others, have begun to address the impact of trauma on the brain, especially in young people with sexual behavior problems, Teicher (2007), Creeden, (2006), Bengis & Cunningam (2006). This information and knowledge also has direct application to those young people who also have histories of abuse and/or neglect, Ziegler, (2005), Ogden, Minton, & Pain, (2006). In particular the professionals listed above and others have addressed the impact on youth with sexual behavior problems and those who have been sexually abused. This is important because many young people with sexual behavior problems have a history of abuse and neglect.

Teicher, (2008), notes that exposure to childhood abuse, particularly childhood sexual abuse, is a risk factor for development of impulse control disorders, and can lead to a cycle of violence and perpetration. Exposure to early stress can exert enduring effects on brain development that may underlie many of the consequences of exposure to sexual abuse. Research indicates there are negative effects of childhood sexual abuse on development of the hippocampus, corpus callosum, prefrontal cortex and visual cortex.

Martin Kafka, MD, Clinical Associate Professor of Psychiatry at Harvard Medical School notes, that the following are risk factors for sexual recidivism in adult males: negative mood states, mood disorder, ADHD combined subtype, PTSD, Conduct Disorder, and BiPolar Dysthymic Disorder. Kafka notes that 10-15% of males with anxiety and/or depression had sexual risk taking behaviors; and that "mood and anxiety disorders may be so common among sexual offenders, that these conditions and their associated effects are not distinctly identified as correlated with recidivism."

Trauma and Its Impact on the Brain

Trauma resulting from early childhood abuse and neglect impacts the brain in a variety of ways. The Training & Research Institute, Inc. in Albuquerque, NM (2004) notes that childhood physical, emotional, sexual abuse and neglect can cause antisocial behavior by over-excitation of the limbic system; the primitive midbrain region that regulates memory and emotion, and the prefrontal cortex; which is associated with judgment, consequential thinking, and moral reasoning. They note, for example: 1) The left hemisphere is responsible for regulation and oversight of logical responses to a situation; and control and mediation of emotional responses generated by the right hemisphere.

   The impact of childhood abuse or neglect results in diminished
   control of emotional response, resulting in poor or inappropriate
   reactions to emotional situations, angry outbursts, selfdestructive
   or suicidal impulses, paranoia, psychosis, and a tendency to pursue
   intense ultimately unstable relationships.

2) The prefrontal cortex is the internal editor of emotional states, consequential thinking, moral reasoning, and reactions to emotional crisis.

   The impact of childhood abuse or neglect results in increased
   potential for depression and delinquent and criminal behavior.

3) The corpus collosum creates communication between the right and left hemispheres.

   The impact of childhood abuse or neglect results in a significantly
   smaller corpus collosum, causing nonintegrated, inappropriate
   responses to everyday situations.

4) The temporal lobes regulate emotions and verbal memory.

   The impact of childhood abuse or neglect results in poor modulation
   of emotions, and an increased chance for temporal lobe epilepsy.

5) The hippocampus (part of the limbic system) is responsible for the formulation and retrieval of verbal and emotional memories.

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

The Use of Biofeedback, CES, Brain Mapping and Neurofeedback with Youth Who Have Sexual Behavior Problems
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.