Introduction to the Symposium: Nonprofit Organizations as Key Partners in the Development, Delivery and Evaluation of Health and Human Services

By Norris-Tirrell, Dorothy | Journal of Health and Human Services Administration, Spring 2010 | Go to article overview

Introduction to the Symposium: Nonprofit Organizations as Key Partners in the Development, Delivery and Evaluation of Health and Human Services


Norris-Tirrell, Dorothy, Journal of Health and Human Services Administration


Nonprofit and government agencies in the United States have a long history of working together at the local, state, and federal levels for community awareness and education, information gathering, policy creation, direct service delivery, and performance evaluation, particularly in the health and human services arena. In fact, it is hard to imagine today how our society's health and human service concerns would be met without nonprofit providers. Governments have long utilized and subsidized nonprofit agencies to deliver services (Young, 1999) and, as Smith and Lipsky (1993) emphasize, nonprofit organizations rely on government for financial support. Both government and nonprofit agencies have unique roles to play in this important and mutually beneficial partnership. While there is no "typical" partnership, funding has become a primary aspect of government-nonprofit relations. As such, government grants and contracts accounted for 29.4% of nonprofit revenues in 2005 (Blackwood, Wing, and Pollak, 2008).

Chartered by state level governments and recognized by the U.S. Internal Revenue Service for additional tax exemption/deductibility status, the landscape of nonprofit organizations is diverse ranging from homeless shelters, job training programs, and HIV clinics to museums, civic groups, and professional associations. This diverse set of organizations numbers at almost 2 million tax exempt organizations registered with the IRS (The Urban Institute, 2009), an increase of 27.5% since 1995 (Blackwood, Wing, and Pollak, 2008). What these organizations have in common is an identified public or collective purpose. Individually and as a sector, nonprofit organizations add essential dimensions of responsiveness, expression, and innovation to the implementation of democracy in the United States.

Nonprofit organizations in the area of health and human services (see Table 1) represented 29 percent of the 975,777 public charity nonprofits registered in April 2009 (NCCS, 2009). These numbers do not include the many churches and other faith-based institutions without official nonprofit status who also supply services to a growing population in need.

This symposium focuses on the nonprofit-government partnerships in health and human services. The articles included here cover a range of health and human service policy areas from development disabilities and mental health to geriatric education. They recognize a variety of tools for nurturing and sustaining nonprofit-government partnerships including training centers, fee-for-service arrangements, performance assessment, collaborative activities, and communitywide needs assessment.

In their article, Medicaid Fee for Service Reimbursement and the Delivery of Human Services of Individuals with Developmental Disabilities or Severe Mental Illness: Negotiating Cost, Melissa A. Walker and Jason E. Osterhaus examine how federal, state and local government agencies negotiate cost for the delivery of human services. The article uses the Medicaid funded services to individuals with development disabilities or severe mental illness in Sedgwick County, Kansas, as the focus of study. The data was collected from 30 interviews with executive directors of nonprofit agencies, the directors and key staff of the locally designated community development disability organization and community mental health centers, and state human services officials, agency annual reports and financial statements, and related state expenditure and revenues for development disability and mental health services. The varying perspectives of government and nonprofit agencies in determining funding levels and provision strategies provide insight into how each attempts to manage cost.

Beth Eschenfelder's article Using Community-based Needs Assessments to Strengthen Nonprofit-Government Collaboration and Service Delivery offers a case study of a community needs assessment conducted by the local Salvation Army in Clearwater, Florida.

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Introduction to the Symposium: Nonprofit Organizations as Key Partners in the Development, Delivery and Evaluation of Health and Human Services
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.