Reviewing Learning Styles and Multiple Intelligences

Manila Bulletin, March 10, 2011 | Go to article overview

Reviewing Learning Styles and Multiple Intelligences


MANILA, Philippines -- Learning style is the way people begin to concentrate on, process, internalize, and remember new and difficult information. It is comprised of both biological and developmental traits that make the same environments and resources effective for some people and ineffective for others.

Like fingerprints, no two individuals are exactly the same or possess the same learning style. People prefer to use different sensory modalities when they process information and demonstrate a distinct ability for remembering complex information better or less well by hearing, seeing, or experiencing or mastering it through hands-on learning.

Over the past three decades, Dr. Rita Dunn, professor of Education and Director of the Center for the Study of Learning and Teaching Styles at St. John's University in Jamaica, New York and her colleagues, produced a massive body of academic research on the relevance of learning styles of children in international settings, adults, and workers to help them learn and function better.

The proposition is simply this: when we present according to the learning style of our audiences, the happy result is marked improvement in their attitudes toward learning.

The Dunn and Dunn model lists 22 LS preferential elements grouped under 5 major categories. A speaker must proceed from the assumption that, in every presentation, people will have preferences diametrically opposite from each other or from that of the speaker. As a change agent, it is your duty as speaker to provide for all preferences as much as possible.

Theoretical foundations of The Dunn and Dunn Learning styles model

1. Personal learning style is the biological and developmental set of characteris[logical not]tics that makes the identical instructional environments, methods and resources effective for some learners and ineffective for others.

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