Scientometric Portrait of Dr. Atta-Ur-Rahman

By Anjum, Manzoor Ahmad Khan; Ahmad, Munir | Library Philosophy and Practice, March 2011 | Go to article overview
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Scientometric Portrait of Dr. Atta-Ur-Rahman


Anjum, Manzoor Ahmad Khan, Ahmad, Munir, Library Philosophy and Practice


Introduction

Bibliometrics is a word that means "the more that is published on a topic, the more important the topic is in terms of money and energy being used" (Jaing, 2003).

The terms bibliometrics by Pritchard and 'Naukometriya' (the Russian for 'Scientometrics') by Nalimov & Mulchenko were coined simultaneously in 1969 while Narin (1976) used the term 'Evaluative bibliometrics' to denote the use of bibliometric techniques, especially publication and citation analysis in the assessment of a scientific creativity.

The anyhow fuzzy borderlines between the two specialties almost vanished during the last three decades and nowadays both terms are used almost as synonyms. Instead, the field informetrics took the place of the originally broader specialty bibliometrics (Glanzel, 2003).

Bbibliometrics is not only the term that is used to refer to the quantitative study of document-related processes. Informatics and librametry may be defined in similar ways; scientometrics, technometrics, sociometrics and econometrics are fields that overlap with bibliometrics to greater or lesser extent (in the sense either that similar methods are used, or that related processes are studied); and webrometrics and cybermetrics are new areas that focus specifically on the communication of information in electronic form (UCLA Graduate School).

Kalyane and Kalyane (1993) for the first time used the phrase 'Scientometric Portrait' to carry out bio-bibliometric studies on scientists while Sinha & Bhatnagar (1980) and Sinha & Ullah (1994) used the term 'Information profile' for such studies while Sen (1995) proposed the term 'Microbibliometrics' for the studies on individual scientists in IASLIC conference (1994)'

Recently the term 'Bio-bibliometrics' is being used for a method of retrieving and visualizing biological information (Stapley & Benoit, 2000) while Koganurmath, et al. (2003) have suggested that 'Scientometric portrait' is the appropriate phrase for the studies on scientists and 'Informetric portrait' for the studies on researchers in other disciplines such as arts, humanities and social sciences.

Biographical Sketch

Professor Dr. Atta-ur-Rahman an outstanding academician and one of the leading scientists in Pakistan completed his Masters in Organic Chemistry from the University of Karachi in 1964 and obtained his PhD from Cambridge University in 1968, where he later on had the rare distinction of being appointed as Don at Kings College, Cambridge (1969-1973) and D.A.A.D. Fellow of University of Tuebingen, Germany in 1979. He is also the only scientist from the Pakistan, other than the late Prof. Abdul Salam (Nobel Laureate), who has been awarded the prestigious degree of Doctor of Science (ScD) by Cambridge University. Three Pakistani Universities, Sir Syed Engineering University (2003), Gomal University (2004) and Karachi University (2005) each awarded him D.Sc. degree

He is internationally renowned in the field of Natural Product Chemistry. He has hundreds of publications to his credit including 15 Patents, 94 Books, 59 Chapters in Books published by major US and European presses while more than 70 students have completed Ph.D researches under his supervision.

He is an eminent writer and the level of his writings can be judged from the fact that his first book "Biosynthesis of Indole Alkaloids" was published by Oxford University Press, England as Vol. 7 of their prestigious "International Series of Monographs in Chemistry' in 1983 while another book "Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy" is considered to be the first text book to have a detailed discussion on 2D-NMR spectroscopy. Its success in USA and Europe prompted it to be translated into Japanese language by Prof. H. Hirota from Tokyo University and Prof. Motoo Tori from Tokushima Bunri University. Another title "Stereoselective Synthesis in Organic Chemistry", published by Springer-Verlag, Germany was appreciated by the Nobel Laureate Sir D.

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