Gender Dimensions of the Global Crises and Their Impact on Poverty

By Nandal, Santosh | Journal of International Women's Studies, July 2011 | Go to article overview

Gender Dimensions of the Global Crises and Their Impact on Poverty


Nandal, Santosh, Journal of International Women's Studies


Abstract

The crisis in the global economy continues to affect many men and women living in poverty, but it brings different meaning for both men and women. However, the concept of gender equality gives women and men the same entitlement to all aspects of human development including economic, social, cultural, civil and political rights; the same level of respect, the same opportunities to make choices; and the same level of power to shape the outcome of these choices. But the ground realities are totally different. Pre-existing inequalities, which include under representation of women at all level of property rights, economic decision making, over representation in unorganized sector, traditional occupations due to lack of necessary training and skills play significant role but more gender inequalities arise when economic crisis takes place. It is not only the poor who are not affected but near and working poor are also affected with it.

Key Words: gender and economics, global economic crisis,

Introduction

The global economic crisis was sparked in the financial engine-houses of the world economy in 2008. With this global financial crisis, many of people of developed world are familiar with this painful experience. The experience of people of developing countries may be less painful as they have experienced to live in such state of conditions. However, as such, the impact of global economic recession on the lives of people in developing countries is serious and widespread. Although the world's economies are now improving but the developing countries will take longer time to come out of these crises. Whereas, it is expected that extra 55 million women, men and children have already been pushed into extreme poverty as a direct impact of global crisis, and this number is expected to rise to 89 million by the end of 2010 (S. Chan &M. Ravallion) and the developing countries are being badly burdened. The International Labor Organization stated that in most regions of world, the economic crisis is expected to have greater impact on female unemployment rates than men. This is more clearly in the case of Latin America and Caribbean (ILO, 2009).

The main object of this paper is to assess the position of women in developing economies after the global financial crisis. The paper is divided into four sections. Section I reflects on the character and extent of poverty. Section II is to assess the crisis how it effects women and men differently and unequally? Section III explains the effects of the global crisis. Section IV suggests counter balancing policies for remedial changes.

Section I: The character and Extent of Poverty

Poverty is not a single phenomenon with a simple foundation, invariant across geographic locations and social conditions. Poverty has many faces, and important aspects of the global poverty profile include its global distribution, the rural-urban divide, its gender aspect, and features specific to particular countries or regions such as the caste system in India. Using two standard measures of poverty, namely, living on less than $1 or $2 per day, World Bank data and forecasts across the economically less developed part of the world is shown with the help of following table.

South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa have two of the largest concentrations of the poor. In the more than the sixty years since the end of WWII, East Asia has undergone the greatest progress in the reduction in poverty. In the last thirty years, China has shown a remarkable reduction in poverty also. More specifically, approximately 1 billion people globally lived on less than $1 per day in 2004, and more than 2.5 billion or half of those in low and middle income countries lived on less than $2 per day. Although there has been limited reduction in those numbers since 1990 but there is no much progress in the numbers living below $2 per day. Trends clearly show that there is extreme reduction in poverty in India.

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Gender Dimensions of the Global Crises and Their Impact on Poverty
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.