Suicide Awareness and Prevention Workshop for Social Workers and Paraprofessionals

By Levitt, Aaron J.; Lorenzo, Julie et al. | Journal of Social Work Education, Fall 2011 | Go to article overview
Save to active project

Suicide Awareness and Prevention Workshop for Social Workers and Paraprofessionals

Levitt, Aaron J., Lorenzo, Julie, Yu, Van, Wean, Caren, Miller-Solarino, Sophie, Journal of Social Work Education

SUICIDE IS A MAJOR public health problem, with particularly high relative incidence among mentally ill homeless individuals (Desai, Liu-Mares, Dausey, & Rosenheck, 2003). The social workers and paraprofessionals who commonly serve this population, however, often receive little, if any, training in suicide awareness, assessment, and prevention (Feldman & Freedenthal, 2006). In 2005, a nonprofit provider of services to the homeless and previously homeless mentally ill experienced two client suicides in a brief period, which prompted a wide-reaching internal evaluation of the agency's work in detecting and addressing client suicidality

Following the evaluation, a group of senior social workers met with the agency's medical director and director of research, over a period of several months, to develop a manual for training agency service staff in basic suicide awareness and prevention as a first step towards improving agency practice in this area. The group reviewed materials on suicide risk and prevention, most notably the Practice Guideline for the Assessment and Treatment of Patients With Suicidal Behaviors (American Psychiatric Association, 2003) and various statistics published on the website of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and met with staff from the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention in order to solicit input on the training process and appropriate material. A 46-slide computer presentation and 31-page training manual were produced along with a 23-item, multiple-choice test of covered materials.


The goal of the workshops was to assist staff members to recognize indicators of and risk factors for suicidality, obtain and coordinate care for suicidal clients, document this work appropriately, and communicate effectively with coworkers and external service providers concerning these issues. The workshops did not provide skills training in either clinical assessment or treatment, and were explicitly not provided as a substitute for adequate clinical training and/or ongoing clinical supervision in these or other practice areas. Workshop content was organized around a 46-slide computer presentation, comprising a brief introduction and overview (national, community, and organizational context and safety gatekeepers); a more substantive review of epidemiology and risk factors (geography, gender, age, race/ethnicity, homelessness, medical illness, psychiatric illness, and heritability); a basic overview of intervention/ prevention issues (urban areas, firearms access, services/treatment issues [access, stigma, and fragmentation], limits of prediction, early intervention, therapeutic alliance, collaboration, modifiable risk factors, modifiable protective factors, crisis management, brief description of assessment procedures, hospitalization and communicating with emergency services, contingency/safety planning, documentation, service provider needs and responses, continuing education); a brief section on "postvention" with service providers and recipients when a suicide does occur; and a concluding question and answer period. The workshops were primarily didactic, with limited interactive elements intended to promote trainee interest and engagement.

The knowledge test items were initially drafted by an experienced clinical social worker, after which they were reviewed and revised by the agency medical director and director of research, and then subjected to two additional rounds of comments and revisions by all members of the project team. All items on the final revision were multiple-choice, each with five possible responses. Of the 23 items on the test, 9 included an "all of the above" or "none of the above" option, and 6 of those 9 included both. The test covered material on both epidemiology and prevention, with roughly half the test items addressing each area.

Workshops were conducted at each of the agency's service sites in September and October of 2006.

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this article

Cited article

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited article

Suicide Awareness and Prevention Workshop for Social Workers and Paraprofessionals


Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?