Green Spaces and Public Health in Urban Areas

By Cicea, Claudiu; Pirlogea, Corina | Theoretical and Empirical Researches in Urban Management, February 2011 | Go to article overview

Green Spaces and Public Health in Urban Areas


Cicea, Claudiu, Pirlogea, Corina, Theoretical and Empirical Researches in Urban Management


1. INTRODUCTION

The cities are considered to be the most complex non-natural ecosystems. Their viability and their sustainability depend clearly on nature, both around and inside urban structure. The importance of urban green area for human life and welfare can be followed up and analyzed in various aspects: biological, ecological, social, technical, structural and psychological.

This paper highlights the importance of green areas for sustainable urban development. The general notion of sustainable development represents a paradigm in urban planning because a large proportion of world production, consumption and waste generation, is concentrated in cities. The interest for "greening" cities appeared together with this notion and it develops as people feel more and more negative effects of restricting green spaces, with repercussions on quality of life and human health.

"Europe is the most urbanized continent on the planet with about 75% of the population living in the urban area" says the European Environment Agency in 2006 report Urban sprawl in Europe.

In Romania areas occupied by green spaces have a fluctuating trend from year to year and they can not ensure the necessary green area per capita. Moreover, the phenomenon of accelerated degradation of green spaces is felt, together with the declining of its surface, these hovering below the requirements and provisions of regulations.

It is necessary people to understand the effort in urban green infrastructure conservation is not just an expense but an investment that will generate a series of important, unexpectedly economic benefits in the future.

Therefore, the authors wanted to bring arguments supporting the idea mentioned before, in order to convince the reader of the importance of preserving green area in cities and planning new ones where the minimum requirement for green space per capita is not reached. The absence of green spaces can affect our future life and certainly we can not talk about sustainable development anymore.

2. BENEFITS OFFERED BY GREEN SPACES

Under Article 3 of Law 24/2007 on the regulation and management of green spaces in buildable urban, republished in 2009, green areas consist of the following types of land within built up-area:

a) public green spaces with unlimited access: parks, gardens, squares, planted strips;

b) public green spaces with specialized use:

1. botanical and zoological gardens, outdoor museums, exhibition park, environmental and recreational areas for animals trained in circus performance;

2. those related with public facilities: nurseries, kindergartens, schools, hospitals or social protection institutions, buildings of worship, cemeteries

3. bases or sports parks for practicing performance sports.

c) green spaces for recreation: recreation basis, centers of recreation and sports complexes;

d) green spaces to protect lakes and rivers ways;

e) protection passages for the technical infrastructure;

f) recreational forests.

This law does not include a clear definition of the green space term. So it leaves place for interpretations and the possibility of using vacant land for construction.

We considered appropriate to present the following classification of the many benefits green spaces are bringing in urban environment: ecological, social and economic benefits (Chiriac et al. 2009).

From an ecological perspective, green spaces contribute to:

* a chemical treatment of the atmosphere by consuming carbon dioxide in the process of photosynthesis;

* a natural cleansing of the atmosphere by retaining dust;

* a bacteriological purification of the atmosphere, destroying much of microorganisms through the releasing of oxygen and ozone;

* moderating urban climate through shade effect and humidity;

* noise mitigation;

* preservation and perpetuation of indigenous natural vegetation. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Green Spaces and Public Health in Urban Areas
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.