Counseling in the Czech Republic: History, Status, and Future

By Simons, Jack D.; Hutchison, Brian et al. | Journal of Counseling and Development : JCD, April 2012 | Go to article overview

Counseling in the Czech Republic: History, Status, and Future


Simons, Jack D., Hutchison, Brian, Bagtecka, Zuzana, Journal of Counseling and Development : JCD


In response to the end of World War II and the ensuing Cold War, the U.S. government provided more funding for the training of counselors (Hutchison, Niles, & Trusty, 2008). The Czech Republic is now following suit during the current postcommunist era (Rosolova, 2009). In this article, we provide an overview of this transition while also making suggestions for the advancement of the counseling profession in the country. Currently, counseling is not a stand-alone profession, but this may change if Czech counselors begin to infuse social justice into their work and forge relationships with Western counselors.

Historically, counselors in the Czech Republic have provided marriage counseling (Kopp, 1938; Novak, 2006) and vocational guidance (Brozek & Hoskovec, 1998). Today, they also practice in academic settings, have extensive training (typically as master's-level psychologists), and participate in professional organizations. Their role continues to emerge because of the influence of the European Union (EU; Hraba, Mullick, Lorenz, Vecernik, & McCutcheon, 2002).

Counselors who are unfamiliar with the Czech Republic are in a position to learn more about its geography, language, politics, population characteristics, and success stories. This awareness sets the stage for effectively helping the Czech people and learning about other postcommunist countries with similar reforms (A. Sobolevska, personal communication, February 8, 2011). The article is organized as follows. The first section reports on a general overview of the Czech Republic, whereas the second deals with social and political considerations. The third section reviews the history of Czech counseling, and the fourth addresses the training of counselors/psychologists. The fifth section addresses current counseling practices in the Czech Republic, and the sixth provides recommendations for the advancement of the profession.

* Overview of the Czech Republic

The Czech Republic (which includes two provinces, Bohemia and Moravia) is a country about the size of South Carolina. It sits in the heart of central Europe, east of Germany, west of Slovakia, south of Poland, and north of Austria (Rosolova, 2009). According to the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA; 2010), the population is 10.2 million with a--0.1% population growth rate. The Czech people are hard-working and well-educated, especially in math and science. They are artistic, which is supported by a familiar saying, "Every Czech is a musician." Czechs speak cestina, Czech, a Western Slavic language. Counselors who are cognizant of these facts work most effectively with the Czech people. Moreover, they are more likely to know of the many well-known people with Czech roots.

All the following individuals were born in the Czech region: Sigmund Freud, the father of psychoanalysis; Max Wertheimer, the father of Gestalt psychology; and Jan Amos Komensky, the teacher of nations. The country has also produced a long line of top models, athletes, and musicians: Tat'ana Kuchafova (Miss World 2006), Petra Nemcova (Sports Illustrated model), Jaromir Jagr (hockey player), Ivan Lendl and Martina Navratilova (tennis players), Pavel Padrnos (Lance Armstrong's cycling teammate), and Bedrich Smetana (composer). In 2009, the former Czech president Vaclav Klaus was appointed as head of the EU. We suggest that the likelihood of knowing someone of Czech descent is high because there have been several waves of mass Czech immigration to the United States over the years ("The Bohemian Emigration," n.d.).

* Sociopolitical Considerations

The Czech Republic presents a unique opportunity for this review because prior to becoming a social democracy, it was communist (Willems, 2008). Consequently, the majority of Czechs were unable to travel to the West for most of the 20th century. They were also influenced in other ways. For example, they were unable to participate in religion. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Counseling in the Czech Republic: History, Status, and Future
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.