Going Home: Illegal Immigration Reverses Course

Harvard International Review, Summer 2012 | Go to article overview

Going Home: Illegal Immigration Reverses Course


In his 2012 State of the Union address President Obama reaffirmed his stance on illegal immigration with regard to the Dream Act, which provides more citizenship opportunities for illegal immigrants. Meanwhile, Republican presidential candidates continue debating' over methods to fight illegal immigration, such as Romney's plan to encourage "self-deportation." It is clear that illegal immigration will continue to remain a controversial and relevant issue for US policymakers.

Despite these debates over tightening illegal immigration regulations, a growing body of evidence suggests that illegal immigration is on the decline. Shannon K. O'Neil, expert on Latin American studies at the Council on Foreign Relations, noted that the Latin American immigrant flow to the United States slowed in 2011, an unprecedented departure from past trends. Doug Massey, head of Princeton's Mexican Migration Project, reported that the net immigration traffic had dropped to zero for the first time in 60 years. Statistics from the Pew Hispanic Center support these claims: the number of illegal bovder-crossers and visa-violators from Mexico has decreased to 100,000 in 2010, compared to the 525,000 average annual rate from between 2000 and 2004.

Indeed, this reversal in immigration flows is unusual and its causes arc not limited to US domestic policy. Immigration decisions assess not only the "lure" of the target country and the benefits of its opportunities, but also the "push" from the home country and the difficulties faced there. In the United States, the Obama administration has cracked down especially hard on illegal immigration, with deportation rates reaching record highs of 400,000 immigrants last year. On the state level, Arizona and Alabama have adopted stricter immigration laws than they have in the past. However, the change in immigration cannot be solely attributed to US domestic policy, as signs of these reversals had already started showing before these tougher laws were adopted. Instead, the causes of this immigration trend depend just as much on changes in Mexico as in the United States.

Firstly, Mexico's economy has experienced considerable growth in the past decades. Growing from the peso crisis and the economic turmoil of 1994, the Mexican economy has strengthened significantly, with GDP growth of 5 percent in 2010. In the 1980s, falling petroleum prices and rising international interest rales discouraged the high levels of protectionism and state participation which were then present in the economy. In response, in the 1990s the government began issuing unilateral measures to decrease tariffs and increase privatization, opening the Mexican economy to the world.

On January 1, 1994, the governments of Mexico, Canada and the United States established the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), solidifying Mexico's path towards economic liberalization and forming one of the world's greatest trade blocs in terms of combined GDP. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Going Home: Illegal Immigration Reverses Course
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.