Suicide Prevention Is Possible: A Perception after Suicide Attempt

By Ram, Dushad; Darshan, M. et al. | Indian Journal of Psychiatry, April-June 2012 | Go to article overview
Save to active project

Suicide Prevention Is Possible: A Perception after Suicide Attempt


Ram, Dushad, Darshan, M., Rao, T. S. S., Honagodu, Abhijit, Indian Journal of Psychiatry


Byline: Dushad. Ram, M. Darshan, T. S. S. Rao, Abhijit. Honagodu

Background: Suicide is a preventable cause of death, inspite of which its incidence is increasing worldwide. Very few studies are done to know the perception of suicide attempters regarding prevention of their suicide attempt. Such information may be helpful in implementing preventive strategies. This study was done to find out whether those who attempted suicide and recovered perceived that their suicide attempt could have been prevented or not. Materials and Methods: Fifty consecutive subjects were recruited by purposive sampling method. These subjects were admitted for suicide attempt and were stable after medical management. Subjects were assessed using socio-demographic and clinical proforma, Pierce suicide intent scale and structured questionnaire to assess their perception regarding suicide. Group differences for categorical variables were examined with the chi-square test, whereas an independent 't' test was used for continuous variables. Results: Analysis revealed that 80% of suicide attempters felt that their suicide attempt could have been prevented. 64% of the study subjects perceived that family members and near and dear ones could have helped in preventing their attempt while 16% of the study subjects perceived that society could have helped.

Conclusions: Majority of subjects on recovery from the suicide attempt perceived that their suicide attempt could have been prevented by family members, near and dear ones and society.

Introduction

Suicide the most preventable cause of death is among the top 20 leading causes of mortality globally for all ages. In the last 50 years suicide rates have increased by 60% worldwide while in India there is 43% increase in suicide rate in last three decades. Currently suicide rate in India is about 10.3/100,000 general population. [sup][1]

Every individual differs in aetiology of their suicide or suicide attempts due to diverse social and personal circumstances and biological predispositions. [sup][2] Variations in suicide risk factors in different cultures and periods are known. [sup][3],[4] Common psychosocial causes of attempted suicide in Southeast Asia includes problems in interpersonal relationships, family conflicts, domestic violence, academic failure, disappointment in love, recent bereavement and other stressful life events. [sup][5],[6],[7],[8],[9],[10],[12] Research reveals that 98% of those who committed suicide had suffered from some diagnosable mental disorder especially adjustment disorder, depression, substance use disorders and physical illness. [sup][13],[14],[15],[16],[17]

Irrespective of aetiology of suicide or suicide attempt various methods of intervention have been proposed for prevention of suicide at different levels. [sup][18],[19],[20],[21],[22] There have been several recent reviews on interventions that are considered effective in reducing suicide rates. [sup][13],[23],[24],[25],[26],[27] Most interventions for prevention of suicide emphasise the active role of health care provider. Suicide experts have identified the preventive interventions like providing education and awareness programs for the general public and professionals, screening methods for identifying at high-risk individuals, treatment of psychiatric disorders, restricting media reports on suicide and access to lethal means.

This study is attempts out to find out as to whether suicide attempters perceive that their attempt could have been prevented from occurring and the role of family members and society in preventing suicide attempt as perceived by the suicide attempters. This may have implication in developing strategies for future research in this area and strategies for prevention of suicide and suicide attempts.

Study objectives

*To assess as to whether the subject after the index suicide attempt perceives that their suicide attempt could have been prevented.

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited article

Suicide Prevention Is Possible: A Perception after Suicide Attempt
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?