Community Policing to Prevent Violent Extremism

By Silk, Dan | The FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, October 2012 | Go to article overview

Community Policing to Prevent Violent Extremism


Silk, Dan, The FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin


In August 2011, the White House released the important new document "Empowering Local Partners to Prevent Violent Extremism in the United States." This document outlines a broad, outreach-based strategy for reducing the threat of violent extremism. (1) Previous work, including the U.S. National Strategy for Counterterrorism and efforts by the U.S. Homeland Security Advisory Council's Preventing Violent Extremism Working Group and the joint U.S. Department of Justice--U.S. Department of Homeland Security Building Communities of Trust Initiative, supports this document. (2)

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

The White House document recognizes outreach and community-government relationships as key to successfully protecting the United States from an al Qaeda-inspired threat. The president's introduction to the strategy emphasizes its purpose as outlining "how the federal government will support and help empower American communities and their local partners in their grassroots efforts to prevent violent extremism," which includes "strengthening cooperation with local law enforcement who work with these communities every day." (3) Supported by tactics that closely follow the philosophy of community policing, government-community partnerships represent a vital facet of countering violent extremism.

Prevention

Law enforcement agencies in the United Kingdom recognize this feature of counterterrorism because it closely mirrors the Prevent portion of their national counterterrorism strategy. Representing an integral part of the overall mission to fight violent extremism, Prevent, in existence since 2007, is the aspect that uses government, police, and community resources to keep people from becoming terrorists or supporting terrorism. (4) It incorporates a community-centered approach that heavily emphasizes local action and, while not without controversy, spurs law enforcement in the United Kingdom to remain on the cutting edge of counterterrorism tactics. This strategy strives to harness the potential of community policing and is the source of many successful programs across the United Kingdom. In the past, agencies have used community policing to tackle other criminal challenges. Police in the United Kingdom have employed this philosophy for years to affect the danger posed by terrorism.

The core goal of the new U.S. strategy is "to prevent violent extremists and their supporters from inspiring, radicalizing, financing, or recruiting individuals or groups in the United States to commit acts of violence." (5) This initiative, at least in its core focus, closely emulates the goal of Prevent.

Because of their long history of dealing with terrorism, United Kingdom law enforcement agencies' work with counterterrorism offers a valuable lesson for U.S. law enforcement personnel. British researchers have expended considerable effort reviewing the application of Prevent and similar strategies. (6) Even though Prevent has been applied, debated, and modified for several years, the application of it does not necessarily reveal a perfect fit for the United States. Recent reviews of the tactic have identified needed improvements. (7) However, the British criminal justice system and policing culture closely parallel and in some ways birthed the U.S. system This provides an important opportunity for police in the United States to consider the British experience while moving forward with similar initiatives.

Through Prevent and other law enforcement initiatives, United Kingdom counterterrorism police emphasize the value of police-community relationships and the importance of learning. (8) These valuable lessons are stressed because of the vital role they play in building community-based counterterrorism capabilities.

Relationships

Experienced American law enforcement leaders have tried to harness the potential of community policing and recognize that police-community relationships are key. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Community Policing to Prevent Violent Extremism
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.