African Centered Text (1990-2000): A Decade of Protracted Engagement

By Zulu, Itibari M. | Journal of Pan African Studies, September 2010 | Go to article overview
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African Centered Text (1990-2000): A Decade of Protracted Engagement

Zulu, Itibari M., Journal of Pan African Studies


The following is an annotated bibliography of eighty African centered books on African religions, philosophy, cultural history and spirituality, published between 1990 and 2000 (organized in alphabetical order by author/editor, title, publisher, place of publication, and date).

The premise of this exercise is that often in our rush to define, defend and develop the particulars of Afrocentricity and the African centered paradigm, we assume that all have read or are at least familiar with some of the key text in Africology. However, to our surprise, many have limited familiarity. To help solve this challenge, this non-exhaustive and introductory bibliography is designed to 1) provide an introduction to work in print addressing African world religion, philosophy, and spirituality, 2) encourage critical reading, discourse, and thinking within the African centered paradigm, and 3) to introduce space for a more systematic examination of African centered literature.

Interest in print sources on traditional and ancient African religions, philosophy and spiritualities seem to have blossomed during the 1990s, yet the genesis stem from the work of professor John S. Mbiti in his classic book, African Religions and Philosophy published in 1969, representing the first popular and systematic study of African religions and philosophy from an African perspective, and the first work to significantly challenge Christian assumptions about traditional African religious ideas. And second, from the placing of African people at the center of any analysis of African phenomena via the theoretical construct of Afrocentricity, as articulated by professor Molefi Kete Asante in Afrocentricity: The Theory of Social Change (1980, 2003). This acknowledgement is important as we make room for a more systematic examination of African centered literature, and demonstrate the ongoing history and dynamics of the African centered text.

Addae, Erriel Kofi (Erriel D. Roberson), ed. To Heal A People: African Scholars Defining a New Reality. Columbia, MD: Kujichagulia Press, 1996.

A collection of ten essays working to define an independent African centered discourse on science, spiritual awareness, psychology, cosmology, cultural renewal and education. Contributors to the collection include Marimba Ani, Mwalimu Shujaa, Kwaku Kushinda, Na'im Akbar, Asa G. Hillard III, and others.

Akbar, Na'im. Light from Ancient Africa [forward by Wade W. Nobles]. Tallahassee, FL: Mind Productions & Associates, 1994.

An insight into the human psyche through ancient Kemetic tradition arguing that the human being is transpersonal and inevitably connected to the divine and everything in nature. The work investigates the origins and dimensions of Kemetic psychology, the discovery of the self, and the spiritual legacy of Rameses.

Amen, Ra Un Nefer. Metu Neter, Vol. 1: The Great Oracle of Tehuti and the Egyptian System of Spiritual Cultivation. Brooklyn, NY: Khamit Corporation, 1990.

A review of ancient Kemetic: spiritual awareness, destiny, evolution stages (Sahu, Ab, Ba), ten stages of initiation, Maatian principles, four levels and ten states of meditation, mediumistic trance, deities of the Metu Neter, cosmology, cosmogony, the philosophical and psychological aspects of the Metu Neter oracle system and a guide on how to meditate and perform a ritual.

Amen, Ra Un Nefer. Metu Neter, Vol. 2: Anuk Ausar, The Kemetic Initiation System. Brooklyn, NY: Khamit Corporation, 1994.

A guide to achieve spiritual perfection and success based on the ancient Kemetic system of ten initiation stages. The principles and processes of initiation are explained utilizing Ausarian religion (i.e., observances and practices designed to guide one to a life of success) to obtain a harmonious human social order. The volume includes an index, and an appendix of illustrations and chants.

Amen, Ra Un Nefer.

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African Centered Text (1990-2000): A Decade of Protracted Engagement


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