Staving off Marine Pollution: The Discovery of Oil in Commercial Quantities in Ghana Has Come Not Only with Enormous Economic Benefits but Also with Challenges. One of These, Maritime Pollution, Has Been a Huge Concern to Environmentalists and Governments All over the World. Francis L. Sackitey Reports on How Ghana Is Putting into Place Legislation to Protect Its Maritime Environment

By Sackitey, Francis L. | African Business, December 2012 | Go to article overview

Staving off Marine Pollution: The Discovery of Oil in Commercial Quantities in Ghana Has Come Not Only with Enormous Economic Benefits but Also with Challenges. One of These, Maritime Pollution, Has Been a Huge Concern to Environmentalists and Governments All over the World. Francis L. Sackitey Reports on How Ghana Is Putting into Place Legislation to Protect Its Maritime Environment


Sackitey, Francis L., African Business


ON APRIL 20, 2010, DEEP Water Horizon, a Transocean deep-sea drilling rig working for British Petroleum in the Gulf of Mexico 48 miles from the coast of Louisiana, caught fire, burned fiercely for 36 hours and then sank in 5,000 feet of water. Eleven oil rig workers died and several others were severely injured. The flames from the fire rose 200-300 feet and were visible from a distance of 35 miles when the fire was its height in that disaster.

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

This accident, produced the largest oil slick in American history, perhaps the largest such disaster anywhere in the history of the oil industry. Oil leaked out at 200,000 gallons per day. The oil slick tripled in size in one day, from a spill the size of Rhode Island to one as big as Puerto Rico, according to images collected from mostly European satellites and analysed by the University of Miami. The environmental mess could be larger than the 1989 Exxon Valdez disaster, when an oil tanker spilled 11m gallons off Alaska's shores.

Hardly a day passes without hearing of oil spillages in Nigeria. Decades of oil production in Nigeria's swampy Niger Delta, where Africa's second-longest river empties into the Atlantic, have turned parts of it into a wasteland of oily water and dead mangroves. Thousands of barrels are spilled every year. In September this year, an oil spillage near an Exxon Mobil oil field off the southeast coast of Nigeria spread along the shore for about 15 miles, which locals said killed fishes they depend on to live.

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

A landmark UN report in August last year slammed the Nigerian government and multinational oil companies, particularly Shell, for 50 years of oil pollution that has devastated the Ogoniland region. Often some of these oil companies are left to go scot-free. Those who gather the courage to sue them very often lose their cases because of the absence of proper environmental and maritime laws to protect the environment and the people. Recently the BBC reported that the Anglo-Dutch oil giant Shell has rejected claims by four Nigerian farmers that it should pay compensation for damage to their land.

That is why the effort by the government of Ghana to enact laws which will protect Ghana's maritime domain is welcome news. Ghana's Minister for Environment, Science and Technology, Sherry Ayittey, has been assuring Ghanaians and the international community of her ministry's commitment to protect Ghana's maritime domain from environmental pollution and degradation.

According to Ayittey, a Marine Pollution Act, 2011 has been referred to the Parliamentary committee on Mines and Energy. This Act, she said, seeks to repeal the Oil in Navigable Waters Act of 1996, (Act 235) that had since become obsolete and inadequate to provide the appropriate regulatory framework required.

The new Act has 238 clauses arranged under five chapters dealing with the application and responsibilities of the maritime authorities, an International Oil Pollution Compensation Fund, liability for oil pollution and enforcement among others. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Staving off Marine Pollution: The Discovery of Oil in Commercial Quantities in Ghana Has Come Not Only with Enormous Economic Benefits but Also with Challenges. One of These, Maritime Pollution, Has Been a Huge Concern to Environmentalists and Governments All over the World. Francis L. Sackitey Reports on How Ghana Is Putting into Place Legislation to Protect Its Maritime Environment
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.