Interorganizational Relations, Proximity, and Innovation: The Case of the Aeronautics Sector in Montreal

By Hassen, Tarek Ben; Klein, Juan-Luis et al. | Canadian Journal of Urban Research, Summer 2012 | Go to article overview

Interorganizational Relations, Proximity, and Innovation: The Case of the Aeronautics Sector in Montreal


Hassen, Tarek Ben, Klein, Juan-Luis, Tremblay, Diane-Gabrielle, Canadian Journal of Urban Research


Abstract

Local interorganizational relations are crucial in aeronautics. On the basis of an empirical research carried out in Montreal, this paper addresses the role of proximity within the construction of these interorganizational relations and analyses how these relations are structured, which actors are crucial for their construction, and to what extent they foster innovation. The paper shows that aeronautics in Montreal is characterized by a dense network structured by prime contractors and intermediate organizations and a strong sense of belonging. Diverse forms of proximity shape the aeronautics sector in Montreal, with the specific characteristics of the sector (strong vertical integration and major spatial concentration of the productive chains) and of the place, in this case Montreal (priority to partnership, presence of intermediate organizations), are converging and contributing to the building of an innovative system at the metropolitan scale.

Keywords: aeronautics, Montreal, network, proximity, innovation system, governance

Resume

Les relations locales entre les organisations sont cruciales dans l'aeronautique. Sur la base d'une recherche empirique mende a Montreal, cet article aborde le role de la proximite dans la construction de ces relations et analyse la maniere dont ces relations sont structurees, quels sont les acteurs cles pour leur construction, et dans quelle mesure ils favorisent l'innovation. L'article montre que l'aeronautique a Montreal se caracterise par un reseau dense structure par les donneurs d'ordre et les organismes intermediaires et d'un fort sentiment d'appartenance. Diverses formes de proximite structurent le secteur de l'aeronautique a Montreal, combinees aux caracteristiques specifiques du secteur (integration verticale forte et la concentration spatiale importante des chaines productives) et a celles du territoire de Montreal (importance du partenariat, la presence d'organismes intermediaires), contribuant a la construction d'un systeme d'innovation a l'echelle metropolitaine.

Mots cles: Aeronautique, Montreal, Reseau, proximite, systeme d'innovation, gouvernance

Introduction

The aeronautics industry requires a very high level of technological competence, in turn requiring ongoing innovation. This challenge calls for the continuous mobilization of resources and major R&D investments (Ravix 2000). Strong international competition moreover requires businesses in the sector to stay at the cutting edge of technology and to achieve productivity increases by creating new products and by developing new production techniques. The innovation process, being long and costly, relies heavily on interorganizational relations and the cohabitation of actors (e.g., intermediate organizations, universities, R&D centres) that can advance knowledge production, knowledge transfer, and innovation.

Aeronautics is thus an industry where proximity and local interorganizational relations are crucial. Diverse authors point to the fact that this sector is concentrated in urban centres, such as Toulouse, Seattle, and Montreal where entrepreneurs find advantages of scale and of proximity (Scott and Mattingly 1989; Jalabert and Zuliani 2009; Benzler and Wink 2010). In Montreal, for example, the aeronautics sector can find the conditions for establishing interrelations between many types of actors: public actors, private businesses, and intermediate actors (e.g., research centres, industrial associations, schools, universities, unions, local governance bodies). These interrelations are facilitated by proximity. The object of this paper is to analyze, for one, the role of proximity within the construction of these interorganizational relations, and secondly, how these relations are structured, which actors are crucial for their construction, and to what extent they foster innovation.

Social innovation networks and social capital

The link between interorganizational relations and innovation must be examined within the broader context of the relation between "the social" and innovation. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Interorganizational Relations, Proximity, and Innovation: The Case of the Aeronautics Sector in Montreal
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.