A Sound U.S. Policy toward Russia; Communism Collapsed 25 Years Ago, but Partnership Remains Elusive

The Washington Times (Washington, DC), December 31, 2013 | Go to article overview

A Sound U.S. Policy toward Russia; Communism Collapsed 25 Years Ago, but Partnership Remains Elusive


Byline: Edward Lozansky, SPECIAL TO THE WASHINGTON TIMES

What is a sound U.S. policy toward Russia? I started to think about this 25 years ago when, in October 1988, I received an invitation from Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev's science adviser, Yuri Ossipyan, to visit Moscow. This was quite unexpected, as only a few months earlier the official government newspaper denounced me and a few other exiled dissidents for trying to undermine Mr. Gorbachev's initiatives by presenting them as part of a sinister KGB ruse to fool the naive West.

During our first nearly secret meeting at the Oktyabrskaya, now the President Hotel, Mr. Ossipyan introduced me to Alexander Yakovlev, at the time Mr. Gorbachev's right-hand man. Mr. Yakovlev went straight to the point by asking what in my opinion could be done to make Americans believe that perestroika and glasnost were not a Potemkin show, but a very serious process aiming to transform the USSR into a free and democratic society.

I said that I did not buy their story any more than Americans would, since no one in their right mind would believe that Communist Party would voluntarily give up its absolute power and lead Soviet society from dictatorship to freedom.

Still, I told him that I was willing to try, should I be allowed to bring over to Moscow a group of American experts to participate in free and open discussions with Soviet counterparts. To my great surprise, Mr. Yakovlev agreed and many U.S. delegations, including members of Congress, foreign-policy experts, businessmen, university presidents and students indeed had the opportunity for absolutely open and frank discussions with both officials in high places, ordinary folks and the media. One of the high points came in April 1989 when Mr. Yakovlev told our group that any Warsaw Pact country that wanted to leave this bloc was free to do just that.

Most of us were convinced that whether or not Mr. Gorbachev was actually behind this policy, communism would very soon go straight to the dustbin of history, just as Ronald Reagan had predicted, as it was simply impossible to have all those freedoms in a communist society. A prominent Washington insider, Paul Weyrich, who became a frequent participant in these exchanges had direct access to President Bush, and after one of these trips in 1990 he went to the White House to hand the president the report on the imminent collapse of the USSR, urging the president to develop a plan for Russia's integration with the West.

According to Mr. Weyrich, Mr. Bush listened attentively until Condoleezza Rice had walked into the room and practically dismissed this report. According to the information she had, supposedly more reliable than our own, we were all wrong. What happened afterwards is only too well known.

On Aug. 1, 1991, Mr. Bush went to Ukraine and made his famous Chicken Kiev speech, saying that we will maintain the strongest possible relationship with the Soviet government of President Gorbachev. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

A Sound U.S. Policy toward Russia; Communism Collapsed 25 Years Ago, but Partnership Remains Elusive
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.