Viable Technical Vocational Education and Training as a Means of Employment Generation for the Nigeria Youths

By Uddin, P. S. O. | Research Journal in Organizational Psychology and Educational Studies (RJOPES), November 2013 | Go to article overview

Viable Technical Vocational Education and Training as a Means of Employment Generation for the Nigeria Youths


Uddin, P. S. O., Research Journal in Organizational Psychology and Educational Studies (RJOPES)


INTRODUCTION

The youth needs exposure in practical work experience in order to be proficient in their chosen career and be useful to themselves and the society. TVET which is a planned effort undertaken by an individual or individuals, institutions or agencies to develop the required competencies in people can easily be addressed through vocational options. Competencies of individual's skill in TVET are easily designed to lead the beneficiaries' to self-employment, economic self-sufficiency, and employment generation through short or long-term training. This has lead African countries including Nigeria to realize that training in Technical Vocational Education and Training is necessary to alleviate poverty through skill acquisition. Technical Vocational Education and Training can be described as any form of education whose primary purpose is to prepare beneficiaries for gainful employment in an occupation or group of occupation.

In Nigeria, the need for Technical Vocational Education and Training cannot be overstressed. Hence, Olaitan (1998) opined that technical Vocational Education and Training should be included in the curriculum programme of all school beginning from the time a child enters the primary school till his/her graduation from the university.

This would help develop sufficient skills in their chosen occupational skills so as to help them obtain and hold employment on graduation. It is important for Post-secondary Vocational Education in Colleges of Technology, Polytechnics and Universities to make provisions that would ensure that students who offer vocational course in secondary/technical schools are given the opportunity to increase their level of skills through further training in higher institutions. Technical Vocational Education and Training provides various opportunities for discovering and developing the individual's potentials for work. Accordingly, Oziengbe (2009) opined that Technical Vocational Education and Training has a broadening effect, which motivates learners to be more exploratory, realize their capability and develop their potentials for success in the workplace. In Technical Vocational Education and Training, the youth undoubtedly would have the opportunity of being productive and become useful to themselves and the society.

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

The youth represents a tremendous potentials development of human capital which the society cannot afford to neglect. Young people's situation and future prospects are of vital concern to all. Many youth face high unemployment, joblessness and difficulties in getting a firm foothold into the labour market. These have led to problem of unemployment especially among youth leaving various educational institutions. The youth graduate from school without the needed skills or competencies that would enable them function in today's emerging society. Therefore, this paper suggests solutions that could help to elevate these problems from the youths after their generation from the various institutions.

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

This paper will be of benefit to the government of Nigeria. It will help the government to focus on a viable technical vocational education and training that will make our youths to acquire the necessary skills and training that with little orientation or no re-training a youth can be employed in an industry or company after university education.

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Data for this paper were derived from secondary sources of previous researches and analysis of scholars, government documents, newspaper as well as journal articles that are related to the subject of study.

Concept of Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET)

Olaitan (1998) defined TVET as a form of education that primarily concern the development of occupational skills needed in an individual as a preparation for work. It is a form of education which promotes the dignity of labour by entrenching work as the goal of education. …

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Viable Technical Vocational Education and Training as a Means of Employment Generation for the Nigeria Youths
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