City Lights; the Impact of Rural-Urban Migration

By Atal, Yogesh | UNESCO Courier, September 1985 | Go to article overview
Save to active project

City Lights; the Impact of Rural-Urban Migration


Atal, Yogesh, UNESCO Courier


The phenomenon of migration is a major factor in social change. It affects not only those places that receive migrants, but also those that send them. In one type of migration, a member of the family migrates temporarily to a different place, moves between the place of origin and the place of migration, and treats the former as the reference point to which he ultimately plans to return.

Migration from a rural to an urban area, which is usually motivated by the need to find work, makes heavy demands on the members of the family back home. It means that women have to undertake certain tasks they did not previously perform and thus involves a rearrangement of the family time-table. It influences the socialization pattern of children and may result in a series of psychological problems. It affects social life within the family as well as relations outside.

The effect of these changes varies from family to family and from culture to culture. Response to male migration is different in families in which the son has migrated from those in which the father has migrated. In families in which the migrant has the dual status of son and husband the impact of his migration is felt differently.

A cross-cultural study of migration has indicated that migration increases family income, raises the standard of living somewhat and adds in varying proportions to the responsibilities of female family members. Some urban elements enter into the inventory of the material culture of the home.

Contrary to common belief, migration and exposure to modernity may serve to cement the bonds of kinship and to reinforce tradition. It is through the network of kinship that people move into the city and, once there, they continue to move in the kinship and village circle. Back home, the degree of dependence on kinsmen increases with the departure of the male to the town. The authority structure changes very little; the patriarchal ethos is pervasive. Family reunions generally coincide with religious festivals and ceremonial occasions and it is still the husband who takes major decisions or gives the seal of his approval, and in his absence the other senior male members of the family act as guardians.

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited article

City Lights; the Impact of Rural-Urban Migration
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?