Super Collider: Steps to Reality

By Thomsen, Dietrick E. | Science News, August 15, 1987 | Go to article overview

Super Collider: Steps to Reality


Thomsen, Dietrick E., Science News


Super Collider: Steps to reality

Long a dream, in recent years something of a plan, the Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) is now poised to take on a certain political, organizational and physical reality. The coming fiscal year, 1988, will be "crucial' for the development of the giant proton accelerator and collider, Stanley J. Wojcicki of Stanford University, a member of the SSC Central Design Group, told SCIENCE NEWS in a recent interview. Particularly important, he says, is an appropriation of $10 million in construction funds, which along with $25 million more in research and development funds, is contained in the Department of Energy's (DOE) budget request for fiscal 1988.

As of the beginning of August, the House had passed the appropriation bill with the $25 million in research and development funds but without the $10 million in construction funds. (DOE sources say the omission was due simply to a semantic misunderstanding and hope the construction money will eventually be reinstated.) The Senate budget committee, however, has approved the appropriation bill with the $10 million construction funds. Several further steps in the Senate consideration process remain, as the Senate recessed without finishing consideration of the bill. If the $10 million in construction funds survives the full Senate process, the difference will presumably be one of the items to settle in a Senate-House conference.

The $10 million construction money may not be the largest part of the SSC's proposed appropriation, but it is psychologically important to the people planning the apparatus as a sort of moral commitment to the project by Congress, and the next step toward making the SSC a reality. Wojcicki says it would allow the Central Design Group to increase its staff and carry the work forward at an optimum rate, and one more or less in tune with the DOE's site selection procedure. Last week more than 200 members of the House introduced a bill declaring support for the authorization of the initial $35 million for the SSC and for future appropriations.

The U.S. government has moved toward a commitment to the SSC by small steps, and has done so unilaterally. Foreign physicists have complained sharply that the U.S. government did not come out up front and invite them and their governments to form an international association for the SSC like the one that governs the European CERN laboratory. Nevertheless, the U.S. government has invited foreign participation, although under the circumstances those governments are waiting for a firm U.S. commitment to build the SSC before committing themselves. On the other hand, some people in Congress apparently would like to see firm foreign commitments before committing the United States.

If there is to be foreign participation, that will have to be coordinated with developments in the United States, and that coordination will require an authority capable of negotiating and deciding. Wojcicki does not expect that foreign governments will simply send checks for certain amounts of yen or lire--Japan and Italy seem to be most interested now-- but will offer contributions "in kind.' He envisions, for example, the manufacture of magnets or other components in Japan or Italy.

Furthermore, experimenters are already designing the experiments they want to do at the SSC. As these will have to be built at the same time as the accelerator, there will soon have to be somebody empowered to decide what experiments will be done and in what order. For these and other reasons Wojcicki thinks DOE should soon set up a proper laboratory organization. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Super Collider: Steps to Reality
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.