Personal Profiles

Presidents & Prime Ministers, September 1998 | Go to article overview

Personal Profiles


Kyrgyz Republic President Askar Akaev

President Askar Akaev was elected president of the Kyrgyz Soviet Socialist Republic on October 27, 1990. Dr. Akaev graduated with honors from the Leningrad Precision Mechanics and Optics Institute in 1967 and pursued his studies to become a doctor of science. Dr. Akaev began his career in 1961 as a mechanic worker, continued as a senior laboratory researcher, engineer, senior lecturer and professor, and proceeded to become chairman in Frunze Polytechnical Institute, which is now known as Bishkek Technical University.

In 1984 Askar Akaev was elected a correspondent member of the Academy of Sciences in Kyrgyzstan and advanced to President of the Academy of Sciences in the years 1989 to 1990. Askar Akaev was re-elected for the second term in office on December 24, 1995.

Mexico President Ernesto Zedillo

President Ernesto Zedillo was sworn into office on December 1, 1994. Mr. Zedillo earned a master's degree and a Ph.D. degree in economics from Yale University.

In 1978, after teaching at the Instituto Politecnico Nacional and El Colegio de Mexico, Mr. Zedillo became involved in economic research and analysis at the Banco de Mexico.

While working at the Banco de Mexico, Mr. Zedillo established the Exchange Risk Coverage Trust Fund (FICORCA), the agency that made it possible to restructure the debt of many Mexican companies in the early 1980s.

From 1988 to 1992, Mr. Zedillo served as Secretary of Programming and Budget. In 1992, Mr. Zedillo became Secretary of Public Education in 1992. Two years later, in March 1994, Mr. Zedillo was named the PRI (Institutional Revolutionary Party) candidate for Mexico's presidency. On August 21, 1994, he was elected president of Mexico.

Republic of Mozambique President Joaquim Alberto Chissano

President Joaquim Alberto Chissano has devoted over 34 years to political affairs beginning in 1959 when he joined the Mozambique African Secondary Students Organization, NESAM. While both teaching and embarking on his political career, Mr. Chissano developed leadership qualities and skills that would eventually help appoint him as Minister of Foreign Affairs on June 25, 1975. Mr. Chissano held this position for eleven years. In 1986, Mr. Chissano was elected president of the FRELIMO (Mozambique Liberation Front). He was re-elected in 1991, which led to his winning the internationally supervised multiparty presidential elections.

In 1995 he was awarded another Doctor Honoris Causa degree in law by the St. John's University, a Catholic University in New York in recognition of his outstanding role in peace making and in the process of change for the deeper development of democracy in Mozambique.

Republic of Mozambique Prime Minister Pascoal Manuel Mocumbi

In 1960, Prime Minister Manuel Mocumbi was awarded a scholarship to study medicine at Lisbon University. In the years 1961 through 1963, Dr. Mocumbi continued his education in medicine at the University of Poitiers in France, finishing his studies at Lausanne University in Switzerland, where he graduated as a medical doctor in 1973. Dr. Mocumbi practiced medicine for five years until, in 1980, he was appointed the minister of health. From this position, Dr. Mocumbi became the minister of foreign affairs from 1987 until 1994. This position allowed him to assist President Joaquim Albert Chissano in promoting Mozambique relations with other countries and furthering the country's peace process.

On December 21, 1994, Dr. Pascoal Manuel Mocumbi was appointed prime minister. Dr. Mocumbi is a member of Central Committee of the FRELIMO (Mozambique Liberation Front) and was elected to its Political Commission in 1992.

Union of Myanmar Prime Minister Senior General Than Shwe

Born in Kyaukse, Myanmar, General Than Shwe went on to achieve prestigious medals, ranks, and appointments within the army. …

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