Russia to Slash Ground Forces, Rely on Nukes: Military Resists Reform Plan

By Gertz, Bill | The Washington Times (Washington, DC), October 17, 1997 | Go to article overview

Russia to Slash Ground Forces, Rely on Nukes: Military Resists Reform Plan


Gertz, Bill, The Washington Times (Washington, DC)


Russia plans to cut its ground forces in half by 2005 and will rely more on nuclear weapons for future conflicts, according to a classified intelligence report.

The report by the Joint Intelligence Committee states that Russia's new military doctrine will be approved later this year and will call for structuring forces to fight "local and regional conflicts" or "a major war."

"The use of nuclear weapons is not ruled out in either scenario. Indeed, the proposed reforms reinforce changes already underway in Russia's nuclear doctrine by placing increased weight on nuclear weapons (which remain under effective command and control) to deter aggression," said the report, labeled "top secret."

The analysis was approved Oct. 1 at a meeting of the Joint Intelligence Committee, a forum made up of intelligence officials from the United States, Britain, Canada and Australia. Pentagon sources made a copy of the analysis available to The Washington Times.

"It will be several years at least before there is a perceptible increase in Russia's greatly reduced conventional capabilities," the report said. "Russia will maintain a credible strategic deterrent to compensate for the weaknesses in its conventional forces."

A U.S. government specialist on the Russian military said the reform program appears similar to a Soviet-era plan in the 1960s to utilize nuclear weapons with smaller conventional forces.

"This reform is not reform, but a turning back of the clock - structuring conventional forces to fight nuclear war - a lighter, mobile army that will be survivable on the nuclear battlefield," the official said.

A Pentagon spokesman declined to respond to the report, and a Russian Embassy spokesman could not be reached for comment.

Many in the Russian military are opposing the plan, according to the report.

"There remains a widespread belief within the armed forces that the proposals do not constitute `real' reform, but simply weaken Russia's military strength, and that the primary objective is to save money," the report said.

Russian civilian leaders view the reform as "expensive in both political and financial terms" and are backing it "only so long as transition costs can be contained," the report said.

"As long as the defense budget is capped at the current 3.5 percent of gross domestic product, funding will be insufficient to maintain the momentum of reform until 2005 and beyond," the report said, noting that the reform is more likely to be done around 2010.

According to the intelligence report, military spending has been cut by 50 percent over the past five years.

While conventional forces have deteriorated rapidly in the past five years because of neglect, Russia is developing a new intercontinental ballistic missile to replace the SS-25 mobile ICBM and a new class of submarines equipped with new submarine-launched nuclear missiles. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Russia to Slash Ground Forces, Rely on Nukes: Military Resists Reform Plan
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.