The Nation's Century

The Nation, January 10, 2000 | Go to article overview

The Nation's Century


One hundred significant events of the 20th century in terms of freedom, human rights and social justice

1900s

1900-02: The century opens with the United States engaged in a war to suppress the movement for independence in the Philippines in the aftermath of the Spanish-American War, which launched America as an imperialist power. First of many US interventions in what will be called the Third World.

1903: Publication of The Souls of Black Folk by W.E.B. Du Bois with its prophecy, "the problem of the twentieth century is the problem of the color line."

1903: Songwriter ("St. Louis Blues") and band leader W.C. Handy encounters "the weirdest music I had ever heard" while waiting for a train in Tutwiler, Mississippi; what he and others will popularize as the blues will become the most influential American musical idiom, inflecting jazz, rock and roll, soul and rhythm and blues.

1903: McClure's January issue publishes voluminously documented investigations by Lincoln Steffens, Ida Tarbell and Ray Stannard Baker of civic corruption, Standard Oil, violence against nonstrikers, launching wave of muckraking journalism.

1905: Founding of Industrial Workers of the World, which seeks to organize workers in a single union undivided by craft, sex or race and dedicated to class struggle. Its free-speech fights (1908-11) begin process of making civil liberties a major public concern in twentieth- century America.

1908: Introduction of Model T Ford, harbinger of "Fordist" model of mass production, mass consumption and vast social changes automobile will produce.

1910s

1910: NAACP, founded by black and white intellectuals, resumes battle for racial equality inherited from nineteenth-century abolition movement.

1910: National Sewing Machine Company introduces Happy Day Electric Home Laundry Machine, which, with electric vacuum cleaner (1901) transforms housework and women's daily lives.

1911: Publication of Principles of Scientific Management, by F. W. Taylor, a key document in effort by corporate management to exert full control over industrial work process.

1912: "Bread and Roses" strike of textile workers in Lawrence, Massachusetts, led by IWW and remarkable for full participation of women, reveals militancy and solidarity of unskilled immigrant industrial workers.

1912: Four-way presidential campaign focuses on issue of impact of growing corporate power on American democracy. Progressive Party platform sets agenda for a half-century of modern liberalism, including democratic reform, government regulation of labor conditions and minimum wages, and right to collective bargaining. Socialist candidate Eugene V. Debs receives close to 1 million votes.

1913: Armory show introduces Cubism, Futurism (e.g., Marcel Duchamp's Nude Descending a Staircase), Post-impressionism and other forms of modern art to United States.

1915: D.W. Griffith's Birth of a Nation, integrating spectacle and advanced film technique, marks coming of age of cinema as mass art form, even as it conveys brutally racist imagery of African-Americans during the Civil War and Reconstruction.

1916: Margaret Sanger, pioneer of family-planning movement, opens first US birth-control clinic in Brooklyn and is arrested; after thirty days in jail she founds New York Birth Control League.

1917: United States enters World War I: Socialists oppose US participation, attempting to resurrect principle of working-class internationalism abandoned by European Socialist leaders in 1914 when they chose to support their respective nations in the war.

1917-18: Espionage and Sedition acts make criticism of war policies of Wilson Administration federal crimes. Magazines deemed seditious by Post-master General are banned from mails. Debs is jailed in 1918 for antiwar speeches, along with 900 others. US government breaks IWW by imprisoning its leaders. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

The Nation's Century
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.