Lead Poisoning Still Leads in Environmental Risk Issues

Public Management, April 2000 | Go to article overview

Lead Poisoning Still Leads in Environmental Risk Issues


Lead poisoning is a preventable disease caused by the ingestion (swallowing or inhaling) of lead. Even small amounts of lead paint chips or dust particles can be harmful to the body. Lead poisoning can affect people of any age, race, geographic region, spoken language, or socioeconomic level. Despite enormous progress in reducing some commonly used lead components (e.g. in gasoline and household paint) in recent years, many American children still suffer disproportionately from lead poisoning. Indeed, about one million children in America have high levels of lead in their blood, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Sources of lead exposure include dust from lead-glazed pottery, hobbies (fishing sinkers, shooting ranges, etc.), cultural/traditional tools, and some home remedies. Many factors such as living in older housing stock, language barriers, and lack of information or awareness are reasons why lead poisoning is still prevalent.

Young children from six months to six years old and pregnant women (and their unborn fetuses) face the greatest risks from the exposure to lead. During the growth period to six years of age, children are most likely to put things in their mouths that may contain lead. Poor children, urban youngsters, and those living in older housing with deteriorating lead-based paint are at the highest risk. Some of the physical and mental disorders that have resulted from lead poisoning in children include learning disabilities, impaired hearing, and mental retardation. In fact, many cases treated as attention deficit disorder (ADD) in school-age children have been misdiagnosed; and with further blood testing, ADD symptoms have proven to be hyperactive effects of blood lead poisoning.

Many sociologists have also noted a correlation between lead poisoning prevention and criminal behavior. The connection lies in the perception that the children's unstable behavior is a discipline problem instead of a symptom of a possibly preventable health concern--namely lead poisoning. More specifically, many lead-poisoned children, if not tested, are classified as having learning disabilities or behavior deficiencies and are oftentimes put onto a special educational track. Putting such children in special education classes may lead to a decrease in their self-esteem and learning capacity; for some, social interaction among peers and authority figures can be severely hampered. The stifling of a lead poisoned child's self-confidence can then contribute to an inability to achieve scholastically, successfully complete school, and/or find employment with a livable wage. Thus, misclassifying a lead poisoned child could eventually result in the child's or young adult's turning to other means, possibly illegal, to sustain a basic quality of life.

In adults, lead poisoning results in loss of memory, nervous disorders, hearing problems, and other blood-related illnesses such as hypertension and anemia. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Lead Poisoning Still Leads in Environmental Risk Issues
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.