2 Pending Bills

By Villafuerte, Nelly Favis | Manila Bulletin, March 22, 2000 | Go to article overview

2 Pending Bills


Villafuerte, Nelly Favis, Manila Bulletin


Law is a necessary part of our daily life. Whether we are aware of it or not, the fact is that there is a wide range of legal issues that we encounter in our daily life, not only in the traditional context of the real world but lately with regard to computer-related communications like the Internet.

Those in the private legal profession and those in the government involved in the prosecution of cases, as well as those who promulgate and enforce court decisions are now getting more concerned about the legal issues that are emerging due to the Internet and other computer-related activities. Hence the need for a dynamic legal framework for cyberspace activities.

The situation is complicated by the fast pace in which technologies in cyberspace activities change and become obsolete. The technologies are changing faster than the laws. This is why those in the legal profession have to move fast to discuss what new laws are needed to cope with the expected increase in legal issues arising from computer-related activities.

There are pending bills on electronic transactions both in the Senate and in the House of Representatives. President Estrada has certified as a priority bill the pending Senate bill on e-commerce.

Senate Bill 1902, which is the consolidated version of bills introduced by Senators Magsaysay, Sotto, Flavier, and Ople is titled "An Act Providing for an Electronic Commerce Law and for Other Purposes."

The provisions of the Senate bill are patterned after those of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law which was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in December, 1996;

The House Bill, which is a substitute bill for bills introduced by Representatives Verceles, Punzalan, Angping, and Golez is titled "An Act Providing for Protection of Electronic Commercial Transaction, Penalties for Unlawful Use Thereof, and for Other Purposes."

The salient provisions of the Senate bill are as follows:

Legal recognition of data messages, electronic writing, and electronic signatures, subject to the limitations mentioned in the bill. Under Section 5 of the Senate bill, data message is defined as "information generated, sent, received or stored by electronic, optical or similar means, including, but not limited to electronic data interchange (EDI), electronic mail, telegram, telex, or telecopy.

Validity and enforceability of contracts formed with the use of data messages.

Validity of the use of data messages instead of writing or using a paper document in actions involving contracts of Carriage of Goods.

Authorizing all departments, bureaus, offices, and agencies of the government to use data messages in their performance of governmental functions subject to the guidelines in the bill.

Under the provisions of Section 22 of the Senate bill, "the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) shall direct and supervise the promotion and development of electronic commerce in the country. This will be in consultation and coordination with the National Information Technology Council and National Computer Center, as well as the government offices and agencies and representatives of the private sector concerned."

The Department of Trade and Industry (DTI), together with the participating government and private entities shall promulgate the rules and regulations (IRR) within 60 days after the effectivity of the bill.

Under Section 23 of the bill, there are certain acts proposed to be penalized by fine and/or imprisonment. One of the acts proposed to be penalized is hacking. Section 5 (e) of the bill defines hacking as "acts including, but not limited to, any unauthorized access into or interference in a computer system/server or any access in order to corrupt, destroy, alter, or steal data messages using computers or other similar communication devices.

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

2 Pending Bills
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.