Electronic Library for Scientific Journals: Consortium Project in Brazil

By Krzyzanowski, Rosaly Favero; Taruhn, Rosane | Information Technology and Libraries, June 2000 | Go to article overview

Electronic Library for Scientific Journals: Consortium Project in Brazil


Krzyzanowski, Rosaly Favero, Taruhn, Rosane, Information Technology and Libraries


Making information available for the acquisition and transmission of human knowledge is the focal point of this paper, which describes the creation of a consortium for the university and research institute libraries in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Through sharing and cooperation, the project will facilitate information access and minimize acquisition costs of international scientific periodicals, consequently increasing user satisfaction. To underscore the advantages of this procedure, the objectives, management, and implementation stages of the project are detailed, as submitted to the Research Support Foundation of the State of Sao Paulo (FAPESP).

Production, Organization, and Acquisition of Knowledge

In 1851, predicting the imminent growth in information, which in fact exploded in volume one hundred years later, Joseph Henri of the Smithsonian Institute voiced his opinion that the progress of mankind is based on research, study, and investigation, which generate wisdom, knowledge or, simply, information. He stated that for practically every item of interest there is some record of knowledge pertinent to it, "and unless this mass of information be properly arranged, and the means furnished by which its content may be ascertained, literature as well as science will be overwhelmed by their own unwieldy bulk. The pile will begin to totter under its own weight, and all the additions we may heap upon it will tend to add to the extension of the base, without increasing the elevation and dignity of the edifice."[1]

At the threshold of the twenty-first century, these words become more self-evident by the day. There are enormous archives of knowledge from which people extract parts, allowing them to advance and progress in science, technology, and the humanities. Until some decades back, recovery from these archives was essentially a manual task consisting of written work and organization. Today's technologies provide auxiliary tools to transmit this knowledge.

Although information is a cultural and social asset, it now is purchased at high prices. Making these enormous archives available in a clear and organized manner by using the proper technology is currently the greatest challenge for all those involved in knowledge management--the production, organization, and transmission of information.

The Advent and Implications of Electronic Publications

Among the major contributions of the industrial era, outstanding are the evolution and growth of information publishing and printing facilities that use tools to record, store, and distribute information. In the last ten years, the first steps were taken toward the storage and reproduction of sounds and images in new multimedia formats.

Technological advances also have brought new possibilities in accessing and disseminating information. Electronic publishing has been particularly effective in accelerating access and contributing to the generation of additional knowledge; consequently, an exponential increase in data has taken place, most notably in the second half of the twentieth century. Current journals numbered about 10,000 at the beginning of the century; by the year 2000 the number had reached an estimated 1 million.[2]

As a result, specialized literature has been warning about a possible crisis in the traditional system of scientific publications on paper. In addition to the difficulty of financing the publication of these works, the prices of subscriptions to scientific periodicals on paper have been rising every year. At times, this makes it impracticable to update collections in all libraries, which interferes substantially in development.

On the other hand, access to electronic scientific publications via Internet is proving to be an alternative for maintaining these collections at lower cost. It also provides greater agility in publishing and distributing the periodical, and in the final user's accessing of the information. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Electronic Library for Scientific Journals: Consortium Project in Brazil
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.