Former Major Leaguers Fail to Reach First Base
Seymour (Cy) Block played in 17 games for the Chicago Cubs from 1942 to 1946, plus one game in the 1945 World Series. For his career, he batted .302 and struck out three times. Make that four, courtesy of the California Court of Appeal, First District.
In Block v. Major League Baseball, 76 Cal. Rptr.2d 567 (1998), Block and four other major league baseball players who played before 1947 filed a class action in a California state court against Major League Baseball and three other licensing and distribution agencies alleging violations of their statutory and common law rights of publicity by using the "names, voices, signatures, photographs and/or likenesses" on products such as "books, films, trading cards, collector merchandise, memorabilia and apparel" without their consent or compensation. In 1947, the standard major league player contract was revised so that representations of players' likenesses belong to the employing baseball clubs for their use.
After discovery, the plaintiffs moved for class certification, proposing a class of about 800, consisting of "all major league baseball players who played major league baseball before 1947, or, if they are now deceased, their heirs or beneficiaries." They also narrowed the case to seek damages only for unauthorized uses in California since 1992. The trial court denied certification, stating that in view of the diverse factual and legal issues, "it appears to the court that if certified as a class action, this action would in fact become one of multiple lawsuits separately tried," which would not be "advantageous to the judicial process and to the litigants themselves."
Reviewing on the abuse of discretion standard, the Court of Appeal agreed that the proposed class did not meet California's community of interest requirement--that is, whether common questions of law or fact predominated. First, there might be the evaluation of thousands of individual claims for usage, a task that would be too daunting. Second, the claims would be complicated by the value of the right of publicity of each class member, values that would have a wide range from stars to player would …
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Publication information: Article title: Current Decisions. Contributors: Not available. Journal title: Defense Counsel Journal. Volume: 65. Issue: 4 Publication date: October 1998. Page number: 559. © 1999 International Association of Defense Counsels. COPYRIGHT 1998 Gale Group.
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