Middle East Looks to Kazakhstan: After a Decade of Independence Kazakhsta's Geographical Position and Considerable Oil Reserves Have Assured It of a Place in the Global Economy Pamela Ann Smith Reports from Almaty and Astana. (Business & Finance)

By Smith, Pamela Ann | The Middle East, November 2001 | Go to article overview

Middle East Looks to Kazakhstan: After a Decade of Independence Kazakhsta's Geographical Position and Considerable Oil Reserves Have Assured It of a Place in the Global Economy Pamela Ann Smith Reports from Almaty and Astana. (Business & Finance)


Smith, Pamela Ann, The Middle East


Relations between Kazakhstan and the Arab States of the Middle East, Turkey, Iran and Israel have been warming in the past months as their diplomatic relations expand and as companies from the region seek to gain a share of what promises to be one of the world's most important oil exporting economies in the coming decade. But the 11 September events in the US now look like turning that growing co-operation into a vital strategic relationship that can be expected to play an enhanced role in global geopolitics as well.

As the ninth largest country in the world in terms of land mass, Kazakhstan forms a vital link between Russia in the north and the Central Asia Republics and Indian Sub-continent to the south, as well as between the Far East and Europe. Blessed with political and macro-economic stability after 10 years of independence from the Soviet Union, the Republic has carefully forged relations with its powerful neighbours to the north and east, as well as with the USA and Europe. That balancing act, plus the foresight of President Nursultan Nazarbayev, who has led the push for regional integration and co-operation, may now be about to pay dividends.

Nazarbayev was one of the world's first leaders to send both his condolences to the American people and an immediate promise of assistance. "Kazakhstan is ready to support measures undertaken by the United States to fight terrorism with all means available," he said in his message to the Bush Administration. "The Republic," he added "is ready to participate in the creation of an international coalition to fight international terrorism."

In subsequent days, the President is reported to have played a key role in convincing Russia that the opening of Kazakhstan's airspace and its military facilities to NATO troops would not endanger its neighbour to the north and in helping to gather Russian support for co-ordinated international action. However, Nazarbayev was also careful to stress that "the response to the delivered terror acts should not only be effective but also fair". Such sensitivity has helped to raise his standing not only among his own people, the majority of whom are Muslim, but also among neighbouring states such as Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Pakistan and Iran who are concerned about both an influx of Afghan refugees and a rise of Islamic militancy at home.

All of which may explain why the Republic's Foreign Minister, Erlan Idrisov, was received with open arms both in Washington and in New York just two weeks after the atrocities. After meeting with US Secretary of State Colin Powell, the Minister was quoted as saying that both sides were "fully in accord that the anti-terrorist operation should contribute to a long-term and comprehensive settlement of the situation in Afghanistan. Lasting peace in that country," he added, "should be one of the main prerequisites for doing away with terrorist tendencies." President Nazarbayev's state visit is also now expected to move forward in President Bush's agenda, with a date expected in late November or December, Deputy Foreign Minister Doulat Kuanychev told The Middle East in mid-September.

In New York, Idrisov met with UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan who praised Nazarbayev's latest statements and reminded newsmen in New York that the President had called a year ago for an "all-around consideration of the Afghan problem" under the auspices of the UN Security Council. Both Powell and Annan are now expected to attend the top-level Summit on "Mutual Understanding and Trust-Building Measures in Asia" due to be held in Almaty in early November. It is due to bring together the heads of states of countries such as Russia, China, India, Pakistan, Turkey, Iran, Israel and Egypt.

Although the conference was planned many months ago, it is now expected to play a key role in deciding how the international campaign against terrorists is waged and to what end. It follows two other high-level meetings held in the Kazakh city in mid-September: one attended by the Prime Ministers of Russia, China, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan under the auspices of the newly-formed Shanghai Co-operation and a gathering of the heads of states of the newly formed Eurasian Economic Community. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Middle East Looks to Kazakhstan: After a Decade of Independence Kazakhsta's Geographical Position and Considerable Oil Reserves Have Assured It of a Place in the Global Economy Pamela Ann Smith Reports from Almaty and Astana. (Business & Finance)
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.