Locally Mounted Online Databases

By Guss, Margaret | Information Today, March 1990 | Go to article overview

Locally Mounted Online Databases


Guss, Margaret, Information Today


Locally Mounted Online Databases

Large-scale studies sponsored by the Council on Library Resources and published in 1983 demonstrated high subject usage of library online catalogs. User's success with the OPAC was limited by many of the same constraints as in the card catalog - lack of knowledge of thesaurus subject heading vocabulary and inability to express an information need.

When asked how the OPAC could be improved, users requested access to journal and newspaper article literature, access to books at the chapter level, and access to other types of information resources, like encyclopedias.

Reviewing the literature of OPAC development and describing the characteristics of first, second, and third generation OPACs, Charles Hildreth has shown how OPAC design has become more sophisticated by adopting the research and capabilities of the information retrieval literature. This has expressed itself in Boolean capabilities, field searching, limits, and truncation.

Other current trends in librarianship at this time are attempts to expand service beyond library walls (SDI and document delivery) and the increasing reliance upon journal information in collection building.

Journal Article Access in OPACs

These four trends come together and help to explain why academic libraries are beginning to add journal article access to their OPACs. Experiments to increase users' access to a wide variety of information resources, to make access available in homes and offices, and to increase users' productivity are being reported more and more in the literature.

Librarians beginning the experiment tended to be technologically oriented - Georgia Institute of Technology and Carnegie Mellon University. Since then, experiments at Dartmouth, Vanderbilt, Arizona State University, University of Southern California, and California Institute of Technology have been reported. The experiments generally reflect these common characteristics:

1. Databases selected are of general interest and high usage;

2. Access is limited;

3. Development of the system often requires the cooperation and expertise of the campus computing center;

4. User interface provides online helps;

5. High costs, both hardware and software.

Differences in system design and development include at least:

1. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Locally Mounted Online Databases
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.