Karachi - Largest City of Pakistan

By Manzoor, Nayyer | Economic Review, July 1990 | Go to article overview
Save to active project

Karachi - Largest City of Pakistan


Manzoor, Nayyer, Economic Review


Karachi - Largest City of Pakistan

Right from the dawn of time to the year 1830 it took the world to achieve a population level of one billion; by 1930 this figure had doubled to two billion; and by 1976, it had again doubled to four billion. Now it is likely to double again to eight billion by the year 2020. In 1950 there were only three cities in the world with population more than ten million i.e. Shanghai, London and New York. Karachi the largest city of Pakistan in 1950 had a population close to 1134 thousand. As the year 2020 approaches more such cities all over the world are likely to have additional population surpassing the figure ten million each. Accordingly it is said that 20 such cities with a population over ten million would be emerging by that time; out of this 17 would be in the developing world. Karachi at that time may have total population of 17,560,000.

In the urban areas of our country mainly in cities like Karachi the desire for systematic and scientific running of their municipal and civil administration is growing more than ever before. But this desire is constantly challenged by the ever growing population pressures in these (urban) cities.

Massive migration of the type as the one which has taken place in Karachi right from 1947 down today with sharp ethnic divisions places enormous strain on its administrative system and leadership. It also further complicates the problem of government by contributing to massive urbanization to an imbalance age structure and to labour force expansion which obviously outstrips job creation, especially for the urban youth. This is further aggravated by rapid urban birth rates and the ever growing demands of municipal facilities.

So the stability of the democratic system of such cities in general and their administrative set up in particular depends on the wisdom of their leaders; mainly their approach towards rural-urban migration policies for their respective territories.

The table above shows that right from 1941 till today on an average the population of Pakistan has increased by 8.9 per cent while that of Karachi by 20.8 per cent. (The population data has been obtained from Population Census Department - however it is generally felt that the present population of Karachi is around one crore).

It is thus obvious that in spite of rapid economic growth of Karachi and its high consumption level along with all insignias of economic prosperity it is also confronted with population related problems like clogged highways, unresolved waste disposal, loss of wilderness, polluted atmosphere, contaminated drinking water, stifling smog conditions, acid rains, and non-access to recreational facilities_All this will impose enormous strain on the political and economic structures and also on the city's relation with other parts of the country.

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited article

Karachi - Largest City of Pakistan
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?