Peru: Former President Alberto Fujimori Refuses to Meet with Truth Commission

NotiSur - South American Political and Economic Affairs, September 13, 2002 | Go to article overview
Save to active project

Peru: Former President Alberto Fujimori Refuses to Meet with Truth Commission

Peru's Truth Commission (Comision de la Verdad y Reconciliacion, CVR) has been unsuccessful in its efforts to interview former President Alberto Fujimori (1990-2000) regarding human rights abuses committed during his ten years in office. While the former president remains out of reach of Peruvian authorities, the power and the glory once enjoyed by many close to him have vanished.

In November 2000, as a wave of corruption charges hit his entire administration, Fujimori fled to Japan, where he has lived in self-imposed exile ever since. He has managed to avoid extradition through his dual Peruvian-Japanese citizenship and the support of the Japanese government.

Fujimori is accused of human rights violations, corruption, and illicit enrichment. Among the human rights charges, he is accused of responsibility for two massacres in the 1990s in which 25 people, suspected of being leftist rebels, were killed by an army death squad (see NotiSur, 2001- 09-07).

Between 1980 and 2000, the CVR estimates that 30,000 Peruvians died from political violence. The commission has interviewed former Presidents Francisco Morales Bermudez (1975-1980), Fernando Belaunde Terry (1980-1985)--who died June 4, and Alan Garcia (1985-1990).

In early September, CVR president Salomon Lerner traveled to Japan hoping to interview Fujimori. However, Fujimori refused to receive Lerner.

"[Fujimori] has not even had the courtesy to respond to the requests directed to him," Lerner told a news conference at the Peruvian Embassy in Tokyo. He said Fujimori did not answer two letters sent to him requesting an interview, but made his refusal known through his press office.

"I will not participate in the political persecution game....It would be naive of me to take part in the circus the Truth Commission is staging with this trip to Japan," Fujimori said in a statement released by Fujiprensa Sept. 9.

Calling its efforts a circus was an affront to the commission, Lerner said. "Likewise, it is an affront to all those victims of the period of violence who have made known to the commission those injuries they have suffered," he said.

Fujimori announced in mid-July that he intends to run for president in Peru in 2006. Carlos Raffo, spokesperson for the former president, said that Fujiprensa would work toward that aim. "Everything is being directed toward mounting a defense of Alberto Fujimori with sights on his return to Peru to be here in 2006, said Raffo.

Swiss banks return Montesinos' money

Meanwhile, legal proceedings against Fujimori's former intelligence chief Vladimiro Montesinos continue. In July, he was sentenced to nine years in prison for usurping the leadership of the Servicio de Inteligencia Nacional (SIP). He was also ordered to pay US$3 million in reparations (see NotiSur, 2002-07-05). He faces at least 65 more criminal charges as well as 140 other complaints that are pending.

On Aug. 20, Swiss judicial authorities returned to Peru US$77.5 million from accounts in the name of Montesinos and other former Peruvian officials charged with corruption and human rights crimes. The Bern Federal Justice Office said the money had been deposited in Peru's Banco de la Nacion account at Citibank in New York.

Legal authorities in Zurich found that much of the money came from acts of corruption committed by the former spy chief. "Since 1990, Montesinos received 'commissions' on arms deliveries to Peru and had this bribe money deposited in his bank accounts in Luxembourg, the US, and Switzerland," said a Swiss justice official. "Montesinos received bribes for at least 32 transactions, each worth 18% of the purchase price."

Another person whose ill-gotten gains were returned to Peru was Gen. Nicolas de Bari Hermoza Rios, commander of the Peruvian army under Fujimori, who faces charges of misappropriating funds from the military budget.

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this article

Cited article

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited article

Peru: Former President Alberto Fujimori Refuses to Meet with Truth Commission


Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?