Latin American Countries Rated Badly in Corruption Index

NotiSur - South American Political and Economic Affairs, September 6, 2002 | Go to article overview
Save to active project

Latin American Countries Rated Badly in Corruption Index


Transparency International's 2002 Corruption Perceptions Index 2002 (CPI), released Aug. 28 in Berlin, did not put Latin American countries in a favorable light. Argentina was singled out for its dramatic increase in corruption during the previous year, while Paraguay was ranked one of the three most-corrupt nations of those rated.

"Political elites and their cronies continue to take kickbacks at every opportunity. Hand in glove with corrupt=D4 and hampering sustainable development," said Peter Eigen, chairman of TI, the respected global coalition against corruption, at the release of the 2002 CPI. "Corruption is perceived to be dangerously high in poor parts of the world, but also in many countries whose firms invest in developing nations."

The CPI this year ranked 102 countries on the degree to which corruption is perceived to exist among public officials and politicians. It uses 15 different polls and surveys from nine independent institutions carried out among business people and country analysts, including surveys of residents, both local and expatriate. For the purpose of the CPI, corruption is defined as the abuse of public office for private gain.

Leading the survey's list of least-corrupt nations were Finland, Denmark, New Zealand, Iceland, Singapore and Sweden, all with index scores above 9.3. The US was 16th with 7.7, Germany was 18th with 7.3, and France 25th with 6.3. But in the 2002 index, 70 countries--including many of the world's most poverty-stricken--score less than 5 out of a "clean" score of 10.

In the new index, the most extensive released by TI to date, Paraguay, with a 1.7 rating, had the highest perceived level of corruption of the 19 Latin American and Caribbean nations included in the survey. The Latin American country with the best rating was Chile, 17th, with 7.5.

Other Latin American countries and their ratings include Bolivia, Ecuador and Haiti, all with 2.2; Venezuela, Guatemala, and Nicaragua, with 2.5; Honduras, 2.7; Argentina, 2.8; Panama, 3.0; El Salvador, 3.4; the Dominican Republic, 3.5; Colombia and Mexico, 3.6; Peru and Brazil, 4.0; Costa Rica, 4.5; and Uruguay, 5.1.

Perceived corruption increased in Argentina, Bolivia, Ecuador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, and Venezuela. In contrast, the Dominican Republic showed the most improvement at 3.5 compared with an index score of 3.1 last year.

Eigen, a former World Bank official, said that, compared with 2001, confidence in democracy in Latin America suffered a serious setback, because bribery and bad government by political elites greatly reduced the credibility of democratic structures.

"In the past year, we have seen setbacks to the credibility of democratic rule. In parts of South America, the graft and misrule of political elites have drained confidence in the democratic structures that emerged after the end of military rule. Above all, it is the political parties that have undermined economic prosperity," said Eigen. "Argentina, where corruption is perceived to have soared, joins Panama, Honduras, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Venezuela, Bolivia, Ecuador, Haiti, and Paraguay with a score of 3 or less in the CPI 2002."

=D4

"In Argentina, first under President Menem, then President de la Rua, the state seems to have been captured by a network of leaders who misused it in the service of their business and political interests," said Eigen in a written commentary summarizing the CPI conclusions. "That is why an economic and social crisis has spiralled out of control. If businessmen only lobby to secure contracts illegally or to obtain sector benefits, their companies will have no lasting value for any stakeholders."

Argentina's 2.8 rating was the lowest it has received since the CPI began in 1993. Its ranking went from 57th (3.5) to 70th in one year.

One factor contributing to Argentina's drop, according to Poder Ciudadano, the TI affiliate in Argentina, was the lack of response by the political class to the scandal regarding alleged bribes by congressional representatives during debate on a labor law.

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Latin American Countries Rated Badly in Corruption Index
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.