A Life History Approach: Working on the Site of Il Pizzo (Nepi VT, Italy)

By Rajala, Ulla | Antiquity, September 2002 | Go to article overview

A Life History Approach: Working on the Site of Il Pizzo (Nepi VT, Italy)


Rajala, Ulla, Antiquity


Fieldwork executed on Il Pizzo in central Italy, outside the small modern town of Nepi, 45 km northeast of Rome (FIGURE 1), was part of the Nepi survey project under the umbrella of the Tiber Valley Project of the British School at Rome. The aim was systematically to study the Bronze Age site (cf. di Gennaro 1991-1992; di Gennaro et al. in press) which preceded nearby Nepi. As an example of a Bronze Age promontory site with multi-period use, the biographical approach discussed recently by Cornelius Holtorf (cf. 2000-2001; http:// www.arch.cam.ac.uk/~ch264/igraja/ introduction.htm) is key for understanding the site through its various transformations. `Life history' not only emphasizes the modifications on a site, but stresses the changes in both the meaning and the use of a site.

[FIGURE 1 OMITTED]

A small team of four worked over two weeks during March/April 2000. The research strategy had four main aims. First, a baseline was drawn through the narrow promontory along its southwest-northeast axis and a systematic pickup was performed along this line. Secondly, a pragmatic strategy was used for the collection of eroded material in the northern slope. Thirdly, a general map was drawn using traditional methods. Finally, a total station was used to draw a 3D image of the summit.

Il Pizzo overlooks a canyon-like ravine at the junction of two rivers. Structurally, there are two levels: the upper promontory surface and the lower level on the way down to the river. The upper surface is divided into two by walls and gateways; the southwestern part is dominated by a modern sheep shed, the northeastern summit has been modified by tuff quarrying during at least two major observable phases. On the highest point, a foundation trench of a building lies next to two cisterns. On the eastern rock face below the building foundation, there are five rectangular niches cut into the rockface. On the western face, there is a larger, barrel-vaulted niche. All these niches are formally similar to Roman loculus tombs (cf. Frederiksen & Ward-Perkins 1957: 88, 91). On the southern side of the summit, a series of terraces are supported by cyclopic walls. The material from the collapsed profile was very mixed and it is clear the area has been ploughed. The date of the walling could be Archaic or mid-Republic. On the lower level, a path meanders down to the river and around the point of the promontory. The lower level is dominated by a terrace supported by an Archaic-type wall. There is no definite way of telling if it is late Archaic or Roman.

The major part of the finds on the upper surface was fairly recent (see FIGURE 2), showing the intensity of later use. Most notable of a small number of earlier finds is a rim of vernice nera and one piece of heavy terra sigillata. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

A Life History Approach: Working on the Site of Il Pizzo (Nepi VT, Italy)
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.