Postcommunist Transition and Social Sciences: The Case of Slovenia

By Adam, Frane; Makarovic, Matej | East European Quarterly, Fall 2002 | Go to article overview

Postcommunist Transition and Social Sciences: The Case of Slovenia


Adam, Frane, Makarovic, Matej, East European Quarterly


INTRODUCTION

For Slovene society, the last decade of the 20th century was a period of extremely important structural changes. They were marked by two major transformations: first, the establishment of an independent state following the failure of the "Yugoslav" project, and second, the establishment of democratic politics and market economy after the failure of the communist project. While the former is mostly related to the establishment of institutions of statehood, the latter seems to be much more profound. It includes institutional changes like the development of democratic political institutions, privatisation and market liberalisation. But the changes concern also the ways of thinking and acting as well as the values, attitudes and mentality.

Compared to other societies in Eastern Europe, Slovenia had a relatively good starting position. This was closely related to its relative openness to the West in economic, cultural and partially even political sense already in the communist times. The country contributed 25-30% to the overall Yugoslav exports to the Western markets (though represented approximately 8% of the Yugoslav population). Its managers had well-developed contacts with Western partners. These achievements reflected in the relatively high living standards. The openness to Western influences contributed to the speed and manner of changes in political life. Civil society developed rapidly in the 1980s thus leading to the collapse of the communist regime. The political changes were smooth. This was also due to the high level of adaptability and flexibility of the old elite. Because of its economic and social stability and relative ethnic homogeneity, Slovenia was able to avoid ethnic tensions characteristic for the rest of the ex-Yugoslavia (see Benderley and Craft 1994). In most cases, Slovenia has been able to make use of these advantages for its further development. Though some problems, which are typical for the post-communist transition, still remain.

The major societal issues reflected by the social sciences in Slovenia can be specified as follows: democratisation, identity, globalisation and EU integration, marketisation and social cohesion.

DEMOCRATISATION AND CIVIL SOCIETY

The issue of democratisation consists of several important aspects within Slovene society:

1. It concerns the development of democratic political institutions, which are enabling efficient decision-making and implementation of decisions. Efficiency is very much needed for the transformation towards democracy and for the establishment of a national statehood.

2. Democratisation is related to the rise of a civil society which is able to articulate specific interests and to control the leadership.

3. The development of democratic and efficient leadership implies the cultivation of competitive elites able to control each other.

4. Last but not least, democratisation requires the development of a specific political culture which is based on a general consensus concerning major values and norms.

The institutions of the emerging democratic political system have been studied mostly by political scientists. Their attention has been focused on the legislative branch, which has actually undergone great changes. Both democratisation and statehood have required the establishment of a Chamber that is smaller, more transparent and more efficient than the former Assembly inherited from the Socialist Republic of Slovenia. Following this line of changes, a new Parliament was established in 1992 in accordance with the new Constitution. The Slovene parliament has been studied extensively from the point of view of its structure and the decision-making processes (Zajc 2000). Some regional comparisons were carried out concerning the role of political parties within the Parliament and the role of parliamentary committees in Slovenia and in other Central-European parliaments (Zajc 1996).

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Postcommunist Transition and Social Sciences: The Case of Slovenia
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.