Mexico Supports Compromise Un Resolution on Iraq, Rejects Unilateralism of Bush Administration

SourceMex Economic News & Analysis on Mexico, November 6, 2002 | Go to article overview
Save to active project

Mexico Supports Compromise Un Resolution on Iraq, Rejects Unilateralism of Bush Administration

Mexican President Vicente Fox's differences with the administration of US President George W. Bush regarding the US intention to bring about "regime change" in Iraq has developed into an unusual clash over foreign policy between the two governments.

Mexico joined permanent UN Security Council members France, Russia, and China in opposing a US-sponsored draft UN resolution against Iraq. The US-sponsored resolution, which was also backed by Great Britain, would have opened the way for a US-led military offensive against Iraq in the event that Iraq did not comply with UN arms inspections.

France, Russia, China, and Mexico support a compromise resolution that, according to Mexico's Foreign Relations Secretary Jorge Castaneda, would prevent war at least through the first three months of next year.

"This accord will at least permit a lessening of tensions that now exist and will allow us to enter the first three months of the coming year in conditions of peace in the Middle East, in conditions that provide one last opportunity for diplomacy," Castaneda said. He said that passage of the compromise UN proposal is "imminent."

Security Council revises US-sponsored resolution

France, Russia, and China complained about "hidden triggers" in the wording of the US-sponsored resolution that would have allowed Washington to launch a military strike, overthrow Saddam, and argue afterwards that it had UN authorization.

The compromise proposal would call for new arms inspections in Iraq but drop US proposals to have armed guards accompany inspection teams. The compromise proposal would also stipulate that no citizens of the five permanent-member countries of the Security Council would be part of the inspection teams.

In the event that Iraq does not comply with arms inspections or is accused of noncompliance, the compromise proposal would call for a second phase in which the UN Security Council would decide on the measures necessary to assure compliance. Castaneda stressed that the UN Security Council "must be the one to determine what will happen if weapons of mass destruction are found or if Iraq blocks the work of the inspectors." Castaneda also stressed that the compromise proposal did not mention the possibility of the use of force against the Baghdad regime.

Although the US has offered to wait until UN arms inspectors report any possible violations and to discuss them with the council before launching any military strike, France has insisted that the Security Council must decide whether a violation exists.

Castaneda says the changes proposed for the resolution represent a victory for the UN and for countries that had not been happy with the original wording of the resolution drafted by the US and Britain. A report in the Mexican weekly Proceso corroborated this point, calling the compromise "a triumph for the international community" in the face of the "unilateralism that Bush openly professes."

In a poll by the Mexican daily Reforma on Oct. 26, 56% of Mexicans who responded said that the Fox administration should adopt a position of neutrality in the face of a possible armed conflict between the US and Iraq, while 29% said that Mexico should reject any bellicose action and only 12% favored a US offensive against Iraq.

Senators from Mexico's three largest political parties said they favor a resolution that rules out a unilateral US attack against Iraq. "Mexico...must ensure that the proposal that is presented conforms with international law," said Sen. Fernando Margain, a member of Fox's center-right Partido Accion Nacional (PAN). This position was also supported by Sens. Silvia Hernandez and Dulce Maria Sauri of the former governing Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI) and Armando Chavarria of the center-left Partido de la Revolucion Democratica (PRD) in interviews with the Mexico City daily newspaper Reforma.

Despite Castaneda's expressions of confidence that the revised UN resolution would prevail, it was far from clear that the Bush administration would choose to interpret any such resolution in the manner that France, Russia, China, and Mexico intend.

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this article

Cited article

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited article

Mexico Supports Compromise Un Resolution on Iraq, Rejects Unilateralism of Bush Administration


Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?