U.S. Encounters Trade Problems in China; Report on WTO Compliance Cites Agriculture, Intellectual-Property concerns.(BUSINESS)
Byline: Jeffrey Sparshott, THE WASHINGTON TIMES
China's trade rules covering agriculture, intellectual-property rights and services have "generated significant problems" for U.S. firms during the country's first year of membership in the World Trade Organization, according to a report released yesterday by the Bush administration.
The report also acknowledged that China has made significant progress since becoming a WTO member one year ago.
"While the efforts of China's leadership to implement China's WTO commitments should be recognized, the administration also found a number of causes for serious concern," the report said.
Congress requires annual reports on China's implementation of WTO obligations. The U.S. Trade Representative's Office complied by providing a 55-page document released yesterday afternoon.
China joined the WTO after 15 years of negotiations with the United States and other WTO members.
"The area of agriculture proved to be especially contentious between the United States and China," the report said, citing concerns related to U.S. exports of bioengineered crops, Chinese quotas and an inspection process that hinders sales.
With intellectual-property rights, China made significant improvements to its framework of laws and regulations but has not effectively enforced those laws, the report said. …