Titanic Struggle in Kenya. (the Front)

By Karanja, David | Multinational Monitor, October-November 2002 | Go to article overview

Titanic Struggle in Kenya. (the Front)


Karanja, David, Multinational Monitor


NAIROBI -- Opposition is growing here to a $160 million deal allowing Tiomin Resources of Canada to mine titanium in Kenya. A leading opposition party says it will not honor the 1997 deal if it wins the presidential elections scheduled for December this year.

Tiomin inked the deal with Kenya after a two-year exploration period of deposits estimated to constitute 10 percent of the world's titanium resources.

The government suspended the project in 2000 after a public outcry over plans to relocate 3,500 peasant farmers. But in July this year, the government gave the company an environmental certificate, which sets the stage for the granting of a license to allow mining expected to begin in 2004.

The National Alliance Party of Kenya (NAK), a coalition of 13 political parties seeking to form the next government, announced in October that it would not respect the deal. The party accuses the government of being too eager to give the company a go-ahead without contentious issues on the project being sorted out.

"We are asking the affected families not to sell their land until they are given shares in the project," Mwai Kibaki, NAX's presidential candidate said.

Tiomin is offering each family $126 per acre per year and $25 annually. The affected families say this is too little, and that relocation plans are inadequate.

The farmers are demanding five times the level of compensation offered by Tiomin. "We will also not agree to be moved from this district," says James Wambua, the farmers' spokesperson. "They will have to relocate us to an area that is equally fertile so that we can continue with our farming activities."

Experts have expressed concern that relocation of the peasant farmers from the fertile area will impoverish them. They grow food crops such as maize, cassava, beans and rice. Families earn an estimated average of $177 a year from farming.

Tiomin says its deal with the farmers is not exploitative. It adds that farmers were given three months in which to cancel the contracts if they wished, but none did.

But nongovernmental organizations say the company's deal is a steal. "If it was in developed countries, Tiomin would have paid a third of the value of the mineral to the government," says Harun Ndubi, executive director of Kituo Cha Sheria, an organization that is advising the farmers on their rights in the deal. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Titanic Struggle in Kenya. (the Front)
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.