Effects of Constant Time Delay Method on Teaching Halliwick's Swimming Education Rotation Skills for Children with Autism. (Special Populations)

By Birkan, Bunyamin; Yilmaz, Ilker et al. | Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, March 2003 | Go to article overview
Save to active project

Effects of Constant Time Delay Method on Teaching Halliwick's Swimming Education Rotation Skills for Children with Autism. (Special Populations)


Birkan, Bunyamin, Yilmaz, Ilker, Ozen, Arzu, Konukman, Ferman, Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport


Autism is a developmental disability that affects children's verbal and nonverbal behaviors with a ritualistic and compulsive way and it is significant before age three (APA, 1994; Berkeley et. al., 2001; Loovis, 2000). Also it is stated that children with autism have poor motor skills compared to their nondisabled peers (Winnick, 2000). Aquatic exercises provide a unique environment for special populations (Lepore, 2000). In addition, research shows that children with autism have positive experience and behaviors in aquatic exercises (Joyce-Petrovic et. al., 1994). In literature, it is stated that a constant time delay method was an effective way of teaching single and chain behaviors for special populations (Cast et. al., 1991; Mattingly and Bott, 1990; Tekin et. al., 2001). Halliwick's swimming education is a recreational and rehabilitative program that teaches vertical and lateral rotation skills in swimming . This program emphasizes freedom and enjoyment from the water (Moran, 1996). Although there have been studies about the effects of constant time delay procedures in the literature, there had been no research especially for the effects of constant time delay procedures on Halliwick's swimming education for children with autism. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to determine the effects of constant time delay procedures on Halliwick's swimming education rotation skills of children with autism.

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited article

Effects of Constant Time Delay Method on Teaching Halliwick's Swimming Education Rotation Skills for Children with Autism. (Special Populations)
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?