FOCUS ON HEALTH: Too Poor to Be Healthy; in One Way or Another Each of the Main Political Parties Have Pledged to Address Poverty and Deprivation in Wales. in the Fourth Part of Our Pre-Election Health in Focus Week, Health Editor Madeleine Brindley Explains Why They Must Not Be Allowed to Renege on These Commitments, Regardless of Whether They Win Power or Not

Western Mail (Cardiff, Wales), April 10, 2003 | Go to article overview

FOCUS ON HEALTH: Too Poor to Be Healthy; in One Way or Another Each of the Main Political Parties Have Pledged to Address Poverty and Deprivation in Wales. in the Fourth Part of Our Pre-Election Health in Focus Week, Health Editor Madeleine Brindley Explains Why They Must Not Be Allowed to Renege on These Commitments, Regardless of Whether They Win Power or Not


Byline: Madeleine Brindley

AN apple a day may keep the doctor away, as the saying goes, but what if you can't afford apples because the weekly income goes further on processed food or you can't easily reach the shops that offer ample fresh produce?

And even though you know smoking will be the death of you, could you give up what has become the one luxury in your day spent struggling to make ends meet and juggling budgets to make the few pounds left in your pocket go that little bit further?

Your health may be written in your genes but your susceptibility to disease has as much to do with where and how you live your life as it does your genetic heritage.

Imagine a map of Wales that is coloured in different shades to indicate where the pockets of deprivation and ill health lie. It will come as little shock that the two correlate almost exactly with the darkest areas concentrated in the former South Wales coalfields.

The links between deprivation and ill health are widely known but it is only now that we are tentatively starting to address them.

The Black Committee said, in 1980, ``While the health service can play a significant part in reducing inequalities in health, measures to reduce differences in material standards of living at work, in the home and in everyday social and community life are of even greater importance.''

The former chief medical officer, Sir Donald Acheson, said in his On the State of Public Health report 10 years later that, ``the issue is quite clear in health terms: that there is a link, has been a link and, I suspect, will continue to be a link between deprivation and ill health.

``Analysis has shown that the clearest links with the excess burden of ill health are low income, unhealthy behaviour, poor housing and environmental amenities.''

And Richard Wilkinson, a senior research fellow at the University of Sussex, added, ``Among the developed countries it is not the richest societies that have the best health but those that have the smallest income differences between rich and poor. Inequality and relative poverty have absolute effects: they increase death rates.''

Children born to poorer families are at the greatest health disadvantage - they are at much greater risk of prematurity, low birth rate and infant mortality; illness and disability; injury and accidents.

``The links between poverty and child health are extensive, strong and pervasive,'' said the Poverty and Social Exclusion Survey of Britain. ``Virtually all aspects of health are worst among children living in poverty than among children from affluent families.''

Wales is the sick man of Europe - the results of ``a noxious cocktail'' of poverty, lifestyle and diet, according to Professor Kevin Morgan, of Cardiff University - with some of the worst life expectancy rates throughout the continent.

The death toll from heart disease is significantly higher here than elsewhere in Europe, incidences of cancer are higher and a much larger percentage of people living in Wales have a long-term limiting illness, particularly in the South Wales valleys where there are fewer GPs employed, than elsewhere in Britain.

But even within the country there are large variances in health between the affluent and the deprived.

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

FOCUS ON HEALTH: Too Poor to Be Healthy; in One Way or Another Each of the Main Political Parties Have Pledged to Address Poverty and Deprivation in Wales. in the Fourth Part of Our Pre-Election Health in Focus Week, Health Editor Madeleine Brindley Explains Why They Must Not Be Allowed to Renege on These Commitments, Regardless of Whether They Win Power or Not
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.