South America: The Vertical Trek That Takes Your Breath Away before You've Even Started ; at 3,000 Metres above Sea Level, the Historic Puruvian City of Cuzco Has Air So Thin That It Left Nick Duerden Gasping. and to Reach Where He Wanted to Get to, He Had to Travel a Lot Higher Than That
Duerden, Nick, The Independent on Sunday (London, England)
If two-and-a-half weeks on a bus around Peru's lower half teaches you anything it is that this is a country of formidable contrast. Even if time constraints prevent you from visiting the lush Amazon basin in the far north you'll still travel through arid desert, dense forest and towns both scruffy (Puno) and stately (Arequipa), each of which boasts its own highly individual weather. During 19 days, we experienced sun, rain, fog and an awful lot of cold. But for the biggest contrast of all you need simply arrive in Lima then fly an hour east to Cuzco. If Lima is so devoid of attraction that it ought to be ashamed of itself, then Cuzco is its polar opposite.
As you approach by air Cuzco looks as resplendent as it does tiny, a small town the colour of terracotta that nestles tidily in the lap of the Andes. By the time you have been deposited by taxi into its main square, the Plaza de Armas, you are completely won over. We arrived early, before 8am, and headed straight for a breakfast of cafe con leche and croissants. From the window of the restaurant's second-floor balcony, the vista - cathedrals, churches, cobblestone streets and weaving walkways - seemed almost ridiculously pretty, like a faked picture postcard. We were in the most enchanting city this side of Venice and we were duly in awe.
People head to Cuzco because it is the gateway to the spectacular ruins of Machu Picchu, the abandoned 15th-century Incan city which lies four hours away by train or, if you're foolish, a rigorous three-and-a-half day trek through vertiginous mountain passes. We decided to be foolish. According to the BBC's recent programme 50 Things To See Before You Die, Machu Picchu ranks at number 11. This means that Cuzco throbs with tourism all year round and is overrun with tacky souvenir shops, budget restaurants and, tragically, "authentic" Irish pubs. Yet, despite this, the city clings on to its sense of history and identity, and remains inordinately proud of itself.
Cuzco, at more than 3,000 metres above sea level, is also one of the few cities on earth that, almost literally, takes your breath away. Despite warnings to take it easy on arrival (you need 48 hours to acclimatise), we spent the morning exploring the cathedral and the Santa Catalina convent then wandered through the labyrinthine streets and twisting alleyways. By noon we were paying for our stupidity, doubled over with exhaustion and gasping.
After a light lunch, we spent the afternoon stocking up on provisions for the Inca Trail. I was still unaware of just how tough it would be - it was just 46 kilometres (27 miles), a stroll in the park. The next morning we were striding through the Andes, enthused by the snow-capped views and Adriel, our guide who also dabbled as a shaman. (This he later illustrated with the aid of a naked flame, the ingestion of alcohol and a bizarre incantation.)
While Adriel's banter helped us through Day One, the increasing altitude put paid to any fun by the following morning. …