Cal U Welcomes Maryland Based Historian to Its Roundtable

By Harvath, Les | Tribune-Review/Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, October 16, 2011 | Go to article overview
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Cal U Welcomes Maryland Based Historian to Its Roundtable


Harvath, Les, Tribune-Review/Pittsburgh Tribune-Review


Little wonder that Phil Greenwalt was destined to become a historian. Born in Baltimore, Greenwalt, 25, numbers among his research projects Maryland military history, as well as early American political and military history.

His subjects include the roles of Maryland's soldiers in the American Revolution and the American Civil War.

Born not far from Antietam Battlefield, Greenwalt often had a bird's eye view of the site, as his father, Steve, hoisted his young son onto his shoulders for a tour.

Greenwalt is the featured speaker at California University of Pennsylvania's Civil War Roundtable on Thursday.

While his father worked for the federal government in the United Kingdom and Germany, Greenwalt visited historic venues and World War II sites in Berlin and stood in awe atop bunkers that overlooked the American landing site on the beaches of Normandy.

Returning to the States after graduating from Menwith Hill American High School, United Kingdom, Greenwalt obtained his bachelor's degree in history from Wheeling Jesuit University in 2008 and his master's degree in American History from George Mason University in 2011.

People often ask Greenwalt about being a historian at the young age of 25.

"I tell people I am a historian because I was never good in math," he said with a laugh.

A Baltimorean through and through, Greenwalt's roundtable presentation is titled "Orphans of the East: George 'Maryland' Steuart and Marylanders in the Confederate Army."

Steuart, of Baltimore, joined the Confederate army. During the Civil War, Maryland was one of the border slave states, along with Delaware, Kentucky and Missouri, that did not secede from the Union. Steuart, a career military officer, rose to rank of brigadier general. He was the longest-living Confederate general from the state of Maryland, and died in 1903.

Born into a prominent Baltimore family, Steuart's great- grandfather donated the property where the governor's mansion sits in Annapolis, Md.

Scottish heritage

Steuart is referred to as "Maryland" to distinguish him from the more well-known Confederate cavalry commander, J.E.B. Stuart. To compound Steuart's lack of recognition, his name is often misspelled.

"Steuart's family was Scottish and they supported the Scottish throne," Greenwalt said. "They added an "e" to their name to recognize and honor their Scottish heritage, and differentiate themselves from the English Stuarts. A monument at Culp's Hill at Gettysburg recognizing 'Maryland' Steuart's regiment even has his name misspelled as Stewart. At the conclusion of the war, he was paroled at Appomattox and eventually, his name was included on the list of parolees. It is difficult to track him because his name is often misspelled so many ways."

Wounded at the 1862 Battle of Cross Keys, Steuart was taken to a field hospital where his wife had to pass through both Union and Confederate lines to visit him.

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